Hermeneutical Approach For Qur’ânic Exegesis: An Offer From The West

S Sudirman

Abstract


This article will present the general description of hermeneutical approach, including historical background and phenomenon in understanding the text as well as the Qur’ân. This article will try to portray hermeneutical approach in interpreting Qur’ân which has been discussed by many scholars. It found that hermeneutical approach is an alternative method to understand Qur’ân or even Hadis. It may give a new spirit in developing Qur’ân in terms of its long-lasting values.  Many modern scholars have undoubtedly struggled to show that Qur’ân will be more ‘up-to date’ and compatible with the current issues in modern life if we are open to new approach to it. However, not all scholars agree with this method since they believe that Qur’ân is a sacred book which cannot be approached by whatever Western methods, especially hermeneutics. Even, they condemn that the people apply such a method can be categorized as infidel. 
---

Artikel ini akan menyajikan gambaran umum tentang pendekatan hermeneutis, termasuk latar belakang dan fenomena sejarah dalam memahami teks dan juga al-Qur'an. Artikel ini akan mencoba menggambarkan pendekatan hermeneutis dalam menafsirkan al-Qur'an yang telah dibahas oleh banyak ilmuwan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pendekatan hermeneutis adalah metode alternatif untuk memahami Al-Qur'an atau bahkan Hadis. Hal ini memberi semangat baru dalam mengembangkan Alquran dalam nilai-nilai yang bertahan lama. Banyak ilmuwan modern berjuang untuk menunjukkan bahwa Alquran akan lebih 'up to date' dan sesuai dengan isu terkini dalam kehidupan modern jika kita terbuka terhadap pendekatan baru terhadapnya. Namun, tidak semua ilmuwan setuju dengan metode ini karena mereka percaya bahwa Alquran adalah kitab suci yang tidak dapat didekati dengan metode Barat manapun, terutama hermeneutika. Bahkan, mereka menyatakan bahwa orang menerapkan metode semacam itu bisa dikategorikan sebagai orang kafir.

 


Keywords


Hermeneutics; Qur’ânic Exegesis; the West

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arkoun, Muhammed, 1996, Rethinking Islam, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar

Esack, Farid, 1997, Qur’ân, Liberation & Pluralism, An Islamic Perspective of Interreligious Solidarity against Oppression, Oxford: Oneword

Faiz, Fakhruddin, 2003, Hermeneutika Qur’âni, antara teks, Konteks, dan Kontekstualisasi, Yogyakarta: Qalam

Hidayat, Komaruddin, 1996, Memahami Bahasa Agama, Sebuah kajian Hermeneutik, Jakarta: Paramadina

Ikhwan, Moch. Nur, 2003, Meretas Kesarjanaan Kritis Qur’ân, Teori Hermeneutika Nasr Abu Zaid, Bandung: Teraju

Jr., E.D., Hirsch, 1978, Validity in Interpretation, London: Yale University Press

Poespoprodjo, 1987, Interpretasi, Beberapa Catatan Pendekatan Filsafatinya, Bandung: Remaja Karya

Howard, Roy J., 2000, Pengantar Teori-teori Pemahaman Kontemporer, Hermeneutika, Wacana Analitik, Psikososial, dan Ontologis, Bandung: Nuansa

Jurnal Teks, Vol. 1, No. 1, Maret 2002, Pasca IAIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung.

Jurnal Hermeneia, Vol. 1, No. 1, Januari-Juni 2002, Pasca IAIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta

Latief, Herman, 2003, Nasr Hamid Abu Zaid, Kritik Teks Keagamaan, Yogyakarta: eLSAQ Press

Mustaqim, Ahmad, 2003, Madzahibut Tafsir, Peta Metodologi Penafsiran Qur’ân Metode Klasik Hingga Kontemporer, Yogyakarta: Nun Pustaka

Rahman, Yusuf, 2001, The hermeneutical Theory of Nas Hamid Abu Zaid: An Analytical Study of His Method of Interpreting the Qur’ân, Montreal: McGill University

-----------, ‘Kajian Hermeneutik Pluralitas Tafsir Quran’, Jawa Pos, Sunday, 13 January 2002

-----------, ‘Sakralitas Teks-teks Agama’, Kompas, Friday, 18 January 2002

Saenong, Ilham S., 2002, Hermeneutika Pembebasan, Bandung: Teraju

Sumaryono, E., 1999, Hermeneutik, Sebuah Metode Filsafat, Yogyakarta: Kanisius

Syahrur, Muhammad, 1990, Al-Kitab wa Qur’ân Qiraah Mu’ashirah, Damaskus: Al-Ahali

Thomson, John B., 1990, Paul Ricoeur Hermeneutics & The Human Sciences, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21580/ihya.16.2.1650

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 International Journal Ihya' 'Ulum al-Din

International Journal Ihya' 'Ulum al-Din Indexed by:

Journal Terindex di Academia Journal Terindex di Google Scholar Journal Terindex di DOAJ Journal Terindex di Moraref Journal Terindex di Portal Garuda Journal Terindex di Mendeley

Copyright (c) 2017 International Journal Ihya 'Ulum al-Din

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.