Perbandingan Jumlah Total Bakteri pada Penggunaan Wadah Penyimpanan Air Susu Ibu (ASI) yang Berbeda

Dwimei Ayudewandari Pranatami*  -  Program Studi Pendidikan Biologi, Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang, Indonesia

(*) Corresponding Author
At the beginning of its life, breast milk is the best food for babies because breast milk contains all the nutrients that can be used for optimal growth and development of the baby. Therefore, the government has promoted exclusive breastfeeding programs for infants 0-4 months or up to 6 months if possible. However, the current phenomenon especially among working mothers, there are regulatory difficulties in giving milk to children. Breast milk can still be given by a working mother the pumping method and stored first. To facilitate the storage of breast milk, three types of containers are widely used, namely plastic clips, plastic bottles, and glass bottles. In the period of storage, it must be ensured that breast milk can be maintained with good quality and integrity. This study aims to compare the total number of bacteria that can grow in breast milk after being stored in three different types of containers. The sampling technique used in this study is total sampling. The treatment in this study was by placing breast milk in three different containers, namely plastic bottles (A), glass bottles (B), and plastic bags for storing breast milk (C) stored at room temperature (16-260C) with three replications. Breast milk is obtained from volunteers who have been predetermined and then accommodated in sterile containers. Statistical test results showed that the variation of the container did not affect the total bacterial colony with a p-value of 0.246 (P> 0.05) with the highest number of bacteria in plastic bag storage with an average of 5.4x103 CFU/ml.

Keywords: Breast milk, Breast milk containers, Total bacterial colonies

  1. Amezquita, A., Brashears, M.M. (2002). Competitive inhibition of Listeria monocytogenes in ready to eat products by lactic acid bacteria. Journal Food Prot. 65, 316-325.
  2. Anggreani, Y.D.A., Mariani, N.P., Okarini, I.A. (2019). Fisikokimia dan mikrobiologi susu kambing peranakan etawah selama penyimpanan suhu ruang. Journal of Tropical Animal Science, 7(1), 9-20.
  3. Arisman. (2004). Gizi dalam Daur Kehidupan. Penerbit Buku Kedokteran EGC. Jakarta.
  4. Arslanoglu, S., Bertino, E., Tonetto, P., Nisi, G., Ambruzzi, A.M., Biasini, A., Profeti, C., Spreghini, M.R., Moro, G.E. (2010). Guidelines for the establishment and operation of a donor human milk bank. Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine. 23(2), 1-20.
  5. Chang, Y., Chen, C., Lin, M. (2012). The Macronutrient in Human Milk Change after Storage in Various Containers. Pediatrics and Neonatology. 53, 205-209.
  6. Damayanti, S. (2018). Pengaruh lama penyimpanan Air Susu Ibu (ASI) terhadap jumlah bakteri Coliform. Skripsi. Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makasar.
  7. Fernandez, L., Langa, S., Martin, V., Maldonado, A., Jimenez, E., Martin, R., Rodriguest, J.M. (2013). Origin and potential roles in health and disease. Journal Pharmacologial Research. 69, 1-10.
  8. Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2015). Rencana Strategis Progam Direktorat Jenderal Bina Gizi dan KIA.
  9. Khikmah, N. (2015). Uji antibakteri susu fermentasi komersial pada bakteri patogen. Jurnal Penelitian Saintek, 20(1), 45-52.
  10. Monika, F.B. (2014). Buku Pintar ASI dan Menyusui. Noura Books (PT Mizan Publika). Jakarta.
  11. Suardana, I.W. (2009). Higiene Makanan. Udayana University Press. Denpasar.

Open Access Copyright (c) 2020 Al-Hayat: Journal of Biology and Applied Biology
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.