Monitoring Macan Tutul Jawa (Panthera pardus melas Cuvier, 1809) dengan Kamera Trap di Cagar Alam Nusakambangan Timur Kabupaten Cilacap, Provinsi Jawa Tengah

Budi Santoso*  -  Balai Konservasi Sumber Daya Alam Jawa Tengah, Indonesia
Wahyono Restanto  -  Balai Konservasi Sumber Daya Alam Jawa Tengah, Indonesia

(*) Corresponding Author

Monitoring of the existence of the Javan Leopard (Panthera pardus melas) in the Nusakambangan Timur Nature Reserve, Cilacap Regency, has been carried out in July-November 2020. Monitoring is carried out using the method of collecting signs of animal presence and installing camera traps. Photos / videos caught on camera traps are counted on the encounter rate. The monitoring results obtained 97 videos which were divided into 6 videos of P.p. melas, 15 videos of wild boar (Sus scrofa), 1 video of mouse deer (Tragulus javanicus), 2 videos of mountain squirrels (Tupaia montana), 1 video of mice (Apodemus sp.) 20 videos of human activities, and 47 videos of non detection. The result of the Encounter Rate calculation shows the result of P.p. melas 4.44 / 100 days; wild boar 11.85 / 100 days; Squirrels 1.48 / 100 days; rats and mouse deer 0.74 / 100 days, respectively. Meanwhile, for the trail of P.p. melas found 2 impurities.

Keywords : Javan Leopard; nature Reserve; Nusakambangan Timur

  1. Balai Konservasi Sumber Daya Alam Jawa Tengah. (2017). Inventarisasi Potensi CA Nusakambangan Timur dalam Rangka Evaluasi Fungsi.
  2. Balme, G., Hunter, L., & Slotow, R. (2007). Feeding habitat selection by hunting leopards Panthera pardus in a woodland savanna: prey catchability versus abundance. Animal Behaviour, 74(3), 589–598. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2006.12.014
  3. Elmhagen, B., & Rushton, S. P. (2007). Trophic Control of Mesopredators in Terrestrial Ecosystems: Top-down or Bottom-up? Ecol Lett. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2006.01010.x
  4. Farida, W. R., Setyorini, L. E., & Sumaatmadja, G. (2003). Habitat distribution and diversity of forest plant as feed resources of mouse deer (Tragulus javanicus) and barking deer (Muntiacus muntjak) in Nature Preserve of west and east Nusakambangan. Biodiversitas Journal of Biological Diversity, 4(2), 97–102. https://doi.org/10.13057/biodiv/d040206
  5. Gunawan, H., & Alikodra, H. S. (2013). Bioekologi dan Konservasi. Puslitbang Konservasi dan Rehabilitasi - Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kehutanan.
  6. Gunawan, H., Prasetyo, L. B., Mardiastuti, A., & Kartono, A. P. (2012). Habitat Macan Tutul Jawa (Panthera pardus melas Cuvier 1809) di Lansekap Hutan Tanaman Pinus (Habitat of Javan Leopard (Panthera pardus melas Cuvier 1809) in Pine Plantation Forest Landscape. Pusat Litbang Konservasi Dan Rehabilitasi, 9(1), 49–67.
  7. Gunawan, H., & Sihombing, V. S. (2017). Preferensi Habitat Macan Tutul Jawa (Panthera pardus melas Cuvier 1809) di Jawa Bagian Barat. Jurnal Penelitian Hutan Dan Konservasi Alam, 14(1), 35–44. https://doi.org/10.20886/jphka.2017.14.1.35-44
  8. Harahap, S. A., & Sakaguchi, N. (2003). Monitoring research on leopard (Panthera pardus) in Cikaniki Area, Gunung Halimun National Park. Research on Endangered Species in GHNP. Research and Biodiversity of Conservation in Indonesia, XI, 2–19.
  9. Kementerian LHK. (2016). Strategi dan Rencana Aksi Konservasi Macan Tutul Jawa 2016 - 2026. Kementerian LHK.
  10. Kusmawanto, A., & Imron, M. A. (2018). Hubungan Antara Aktifitas manusia dan Distribusi Macan Tutul jawa (Panthera pardus melas Cuvier, 1809) di Pulau Nusakambangan. Universitas Gajah mada.
  11. Lynam, A. J., Laidlaw, R., Wan Noordin, W. S., Elagupillay, S., & Bennett, E. L. (2007). Assessing the conservation status of the tiger Panthera tigris at priority sites in Peninsular Malaysia. Oryx, 41(4), 454–462. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0030605307001019
  12. Maharadatunkamsi, Phadmacanty, N. luh P. R., Sulistyadi, E., Inayah, N., Achmadi, A. S., Dwijayanti, E., Semiadi, G., Farida, W. R., Wirdateti, Wiantoro, S., Nugraha, R. T. P., Fitriana, Y. S., & Kurnianingsih. (2020). Status Konservasi dan Peran Mamalia di Pulau jawa (T. D. Aprianita (ed.); October 20). LIPI. https://e-service.lipipress.lipi.go.id/press/catalog/view/290/248/704-3
  13. O’Brien, T. G., Kinnaird, M. F., & Wibisono, H. T. (2003). Crouching Tigers, Hidden Prey: Sumatran Tiger and Prey Population in a Tropical Forest landscape. Animal Conservation, 6(2), 131–139. https://doi.org/S1367943003003172
  14. O’Connell, A. F., Nichols, J. D., & Karanth, K. U. (2011). Camera traps in animal ecology: Methods and analyses. In Camera Traps in Animal Ecology: Methods and Analyses (Issue January 2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-4-431-99495-4
  15. Rustiadi, A. (2015). Macan tutul Jawa (Panthera pardus melas Cuvier, 1809) dan mangsa potensialnya di Bodogol, Taman Nasional Gunung Gede Pangrango. 1(7), 236–241. https://doi. org/10.13057/psnmbi/m010211
  16. Stein, A. B., Athreya, V., Gerngross, P., Balme, G. A., Henschel, P., Karanth, K. U., Miquelle, D., Rostro-Garcia, S., Kamler, J. F., Laguardia, A., Khorozyan, I., & Ghoddousi, A. (2016). Panthera pardus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, 8235(January), e.T15954A102421779. http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/15954/0
  17. Sugiyono. (2005). Statistik Untuk Penelitian. Alfabeta.
  18. Wibisono, H. T., Wahyudi, H. A., Wilianto, E., Romaria Pinondang, I. M., Primajati, M., Liswanto, D., & Linkie, M. (2018). Identifying priority conservation landscapes and actions for the Critically Endangered Javan leopard in Indonesia: Conserving the last large carnivore in Java Island. PLoS ONE, 13(6), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0198369
  19. Wilting, A., Patel, R., Pseftorf, H., Kern, C., Sultan, K., Ario, A., Penaloza, F., Kramer-Schadt, S., Radchuk, V., Foerster, D. W., & Fickel, J. (2016). Evolutionary history and conservation significance of the Javan leopard Panthera pardus melas. Journal of Zoology, 299(4), 239–250. https://doi.org/10.1111/jzo.12348

Open Access Copyright (c) 2021 Al-Hayat: Journal of Biology and Applied Biology
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
apps