Institut Agama Islam Negeri Pekalongan - Indonesia
The Teachings of Jihad in The Involvement of Samaniyah Tarekate in The War of Menteng 1819: A Historical Analysis
Sufism is often accused of causing the decline of Islam because its teachings are full of fatalism, occultism, escapism, and irrationalism. Adherents of the trek are also often regarded as an exclusive, selfish, and asocial community. But in fact, the existence of Sufism can go hand in hand with the teachings of jihad, which is one of the teachings with values that are contrary to the assumption of the importance of Sufism. This article aims to reveal that the trek's practice in its history moved the spirit of struggle. This article was written using historical methods such as heuristics, criticism, interpretation, and historiography. It can be concluded in this article that the teachings of jihad can be well applied to tarekat adherents, especially to the Samaniyah order in the Menteng war incident. The involvement of the Samaniyah orders in the Menteng war proved that Sufism, apart from being identical to the spiritual dimension, could also move into the social size. The teachings of jihad introduced by Abd Shomad al-Palimbani, as well as his students' involvement, became the key to the participation of the Samaniyah order in the Menteng war of 1819, which led to the victory of the Palembang side over the Dutch in the Menteng war of 1819.
Keywords: Sufism, Tarekat, Samaniyah, Menteng, Abd Shomad.
- Abdullah, M. A. 2015. Shaykh Abdus Shomad al-Palimbani. Yogyakarta: Islamic Boarding School Library.
- Azra, A. 1994. Network of Ulama in the Middle East and the Archipelago of the XVII and XVIII centuries: Tracing the Roots of Renewal of Islamic Thought in Indonesia. Bandung: Mizan.
- Bruinessen, M. v. 1999. The Yellow Book: Islamic Boarding Schools and Tarekat. Bandung: Mizan.
- Bruinessen, M. v. 1992. Tarekat and politics: the practice of the world and the hereafter. Pesantren Magazine, IX (1).
- Bruinessen, M. v., & Howell, J. D. (Eds.). 2008. Urban Sufism. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers.
- Grunebaum, G. E., Yahya, E. N., Nasution, H., & Rambe, N. 1983. Islam: Unity in Diversity. Jakarta: Indonesia Obor Foundation and Institute for Islamic Studies.
- Hanafiah, D. 1986. Palembang War 1819-1821 AD: The Greatest Naval War in the Archipelago. Palembang: Main Service Tourism.
- Herlina, N. 2008. Historical Method. Bandung: Satya Historika.
- Huda, N. 2007. Islam Nusantara: Intellectual Social History of Indonesian Islam. Yogyakarta: ar Ruzz Media.
- Kaf, I. a. 2008. Tarekat and Economic Empowerment of the Ummah: A Study of the Idrisiyah Order in Penendingan Tasikmalaya. Jakarta: Dissertation of UIN Syarif Hidayatullah.
- Kartodirdjo, S., Poesponegoro, M. D., Notosusanto, N., & Tjandrasasmita, U. 1975. Indonesian National History Volume III: The Age of Growth and Development of Islamic Kingdoms in Indonesia. Jakarta: Ministry of Education and Culture.
- Kuntowijoyo. 2005. Introduction to History. Yogyakarta: Spread.
- Masyhudi, n. 2001. The Role of Tasawwuf in the Socialization of Islam in Indonesia. Archeology Periodic, 21(1), 68-78.
- Mulyati, S. 2005. Recognizing and Understanding Congregational Congregations in Indonesia. Jakarta: Prenada Media.
- Peeters, J. 1997. Kaum Tuo-Mudo: Social Religieuze Verandering in Palembang. (S. Maimoen, Trans.) Jakarta: Inis.
- Ravico. 2018. The Socio-Political Relations of the Samaniyah Order with the Sultanate of Palembang Darussalam. Islamic Journal: Journal of Islamic Sciences, 18 (02), 23-36.
- Shahab, A. S. 2005. Kubra Pilgrimage & Overview of Ulama and Auliya Palembang Darussalam. Palembang: Organizing Committee for the Pilgrimage of Kubra Ulama and Auliya Palembang Darussalam.
- Solihin. 2005. Tracing Sufism Thoughts in the Archipelago. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada.
- Syarifuddin, K. A., & Zainuddin, H. 2013. 101 Ulama Sumsel: His Life and Struggles. Yogyakarta: ar Ruzz Media.
- Wargadalem, F. R. 2012. The struggle for power in the Palembang Sultanate (1804-1825). Depok: Dissertation of the Faculty of Cultural Sciences, University of Indonesia.
- Weber, M., & Secher, H. 1962. Basic Concepts in Sociology. New York: Citadel Press.
- Yani, Z. 2011. Al Urwah al-Wuthqa: Traditions and Rituals of the Samaniyah Order in Palembang. Jakarta: Civil Pen.
- Zulkifli, & Nasution, A. K. 2001. Islam in the History and Culture of the People of South Sumatra. Palembang: UNSRI Press.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.