MAHDIISME DALAM HADIS-HADIS MAHDAWIYAH

Muhammad Rikza Muqtada

Abstract


This paper discusses the origins of mahdiism (al-Mahdi al-Mutazar) that are only constructed using the mahdawiyah hadith with the status of ah}a>d (single transmitter) and d}a'if (weak). Nevertheless, this belief has deep roots in the theological reason of Muslims. By the historical approach, the finding shows that mahdiism has roots in millenarianism (understanding of the saviors presence) that had existed in pre-Islamic traditions, such as Jewish and Christian. The elementary form of Islamic millenarianism is the concept of prophethood, but when the prophethood concept was deemed finished, it continued into the concept of mahdiism. The first emergence of mahdiism is in line with the emergence of mahdawiyah hadiths. The emergence context of the mahdawiyah hadiths revolves around the power transition from the Umayyad dynasty to the Abbasid dynasty, which always involved Shiite followers as the political victims. The contact between Shiites with the Jewish former and Christian former during the conflict at that time had an influence on the style of Shiite theology, like as millenariim. The Shi'ites propagate the presence of al-Mahdi, as the savior from descendants of prophet (Ahlu al-Bait) described through the mahdawiyah hadiths. Among the narrators of mahdawiyah hadiths are Jewish former (Ka'ab al-Ahbar) and Christians former (Wahb b. Munabbih). They were the pioneers who incorporated the millenarianism into the mahdiism.

Keywords


Hadis mahdawiyah, Millenarianisme, Gerakan Politik Agama

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21580/teo.2019.30.2.3620

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