THE ESSENTIALITY OF THE NUSANTARA TRADITIONAL CALENDAR

Hikmatul Adhiyah Syam*  -  Astronom Mahasiswa Islam Sultan Alauddin Makassar, Indonesia

(*) Corresponding Author

Today, tomorrow, yesterday, and later is the time because this life will always talk about the time that can affect the pattern of life in an environment. So that the existence of time becomes important. Based on this, a time system was compiled using the circulation of celestial bodies. Previous people have inherited the traditional calendar in their respective regions. This adapts to the condition of the community and its environment. The research question in this research is how the interpretations of the traditional calendars in the archipelago. The purpose of this research is to explore the essential meaning of the traditional calendars in the archipelago. The method used in this research is library research. This method is used to describe the various existing sources. The results showed that the calendar in each region has its own meaning for the wearer. The Batak calendar is used to determine good and bad days, the Pranatamangsa calendar for season markers, the Saka calendar for marking religious rituals, the Islamic Javanese calendar for historical momentum markers and Islamic teachings, the Bugis calendar for guidelines for daily activities and the Maluku calendar for marking the time of manufacture boat.

Keywords: Calendar, Traditional, Archipelago, Calendar, Meaning.

  1. Ammarel, Gene. Navigasi Bugis. I. Makassar: Ininnawa, 2016.
  2. Asy Syarifain, Khadim Al Haramain. Al-Quran Dan Terjemahnya. Jakarta, 1971.
  3. Azhari, Susiknan, and Ibnor Azli Ibrahim. “Kalender Jawa Islam: Memadukan Tradisi Dan Tuntutan Syari.” Jurna Asy-Syirah 42, no. 1 (2008).
  4. Budiwati, Anisah, “Historical Astronomic Provision of Birth and Death Prophet Muhammad SAW,” Al-Hilal:Journal of Islamic Astronomy 1 (2019)
  5. Butar-Butar, Arwin Juli Rakhmadi. Astronomi. Surabaya: Media Sahabat Cendekia, 2019.
  6. Farichah, Faiz, “The Java Calendar and Its Relevance with The Islamic Calendar,” Al-Hilal:Journal of Islamic Astronomy 2 (2020).
  7. Gunawan, Fahmi. “Symbol Guidelines of Good and Bad Days of Bugis Community in Kendari.” Patanjala Vol. 10, no. 3 (2018).
  8. Halimah, Siti Nur. “Al-Marshad: Jurnal Astronomi Islam Dan Ilmu-Ilmu Berkaitan.” Jurnal Astronomi Islam Dan Ilmu-Ilmu Berkaitan 4, no. 1 June (2018): 11. https://media.neliti.com/media/publications/268350-penanggalan-mesir-kuno-61e38fac.pdf.
  9. Ilyas, Pemikiran Mohammad, Amri Fakultas Syari, Hukum Uin, Walisongo Semarang, Hamka Kampus, and I I I Ngaliyan. “PEMIKIRAN MOHAMMAD ILYAS TENTANG PENYATUAN,” n.d., 1—15.
  10. Istiqamah, Iva. “Prasasti Masjid Agung Sunan Ampel Surabaya (Study Tentang Kontak Peradaban Antara Jawa, Arab Dan Barat Dalam Kronologi.” Sunan Ampel Surabaya, 2009.
  11. Lu’ayyin and M. Ihtirozun Ni’am, “Ayyam Al-Bid Syar’i and Astronomy Perspective,” Al-Hilal:Journal of Islamic Astronomy 2 (2020)
  12. Mappadomba, Zulkifli. “Orang Bugis Makassar Dan Astrologinya Dalam Kutika.” Etnis.Id, 2020. https://etnis.id/orang-bugis-makassar-dan-astrologinya-dalam-kutika/.
  13. Masud, Ali. “Penentuan Bulan Kamariah Menggunakan Sistem Aboge Dan Implementasinya.” IAIN Walisongo, 2014. http://eprints.walisongo.ac.id/id/eprint/2748.
  14. Melacak, Sakirman, and Konstruksi Metodologi. “Sakirman Melacak Konstruksi Metodologi...” 4, no. 01 (2015).
  15. Mufadzilah, Ahmad Syafii. “Tarekat Dan Tradisi Lokal.” UIN Sunan Kalijaga, 2019.
  16. Musonnif, Ahmad. “GENEAOLOGI KALENDER ISLAM JAWA MENURUT RONGGO WARSITO: Sebuah Komentar Atas Sejarah Kalender Dalam Serat Widya Pradhana.” Kontemplasi: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin 5, no. 2 (2017). https://doi.org/10.21274/kontem.2017.5.2.329-355.
  17. ———. “Relasi Intelektual, Jawa Islam, Bugis Islam, Dan Turki Utsmani.” Kontemplasi, 01 06 (2018): 16.
  18. Mustaid, Ahmad. “Analisis Penanggalan Jawa Pranata Mangsa Terhadap Sirkulasi Monsun Dalam Perspektif Klimatologi.” UIN Walisongo Semarang, 2019.
  19. Nahusona, Ferry. Tradisi Dan Kebudayaan Nusantara. Semarang: Lembaga Studi Sosial dan Agama (eLSA)Press, 2019.
  20. Nasional, Departemen Pendidikan. “Kamus Besar Bahasa Inddonesia Pusat Bahasa.” In KBBI, edited by Dendy Sugono, IV., 1396. Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama, 2011.
  21. Nadirin, Akhmad and M. Ihtirozun Ni’am, “Date Correction of Omar Bin Khattab’s Death in an Astronomical Perspective,” Al-Hilal:Journal of Islamic Astronomy 1 (2019)
  22. Nendissa, Reny H. “Eksistensi Lembaga Adat Dalam Pelaksanaan Hukum Sasi Laut Di Maluku Tengah.” Jurnal Sasi 16, no. 4 (2010).
  23. Pabbajah, M. “Religiusitas Dan Kepercayaan Masyarakat Bugis- Makassar.” Al-Ulum: Jurnal Studi Islam 12, no. 2 (2012).
  24. Pemikiran, Jurnal, and Hukum Islam. “Al-Mizan” 13, no. 1 (2017).
  25. Pendidikan, Departemen, and Kebudayaan. “Sulawesi Selatan Lontarak Pangissengeng Daerah.” Buku, n.d.
  26. PRATIWI, TRIESKA SELA. “Analisis Semiotika Roland Barthes Terhadap Logo Calais Tea” 2, no. 3 (2015): 108. https://openlibrary.telkomuniversity.ac.id/home/catalog/id/104472/slug/analisis-semiotika-roland-barthes-terhadap-logo-calais-tea.html%0Ahttps://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/299904072.pdf.
  27. Ridhallah, Alaik. “Sistem Penaggalan Baha i Persfektif Astronomi.” AL-AFAQ Jurnal Ilmu Falak Dan Astronomi 2, no. 1 (2020).
  28. Rosalina, Irma. “Penyesuaian Kalender Saka Dengan Kalender Hijriyah Dan Aplikasinya Dalam Penentuan Awal Bulan Qomariah.” Fakultas Syariah UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang. November 19, 2013.
  29. Rufaidah. “Sistem Perhitungan Kalender Jawa Islam Dalam Kehidupan Masyarakat Desa Tunglur, Kec. Badas, Kab. Kediri.” UIN Sunan Amel, 2015.
  30. Sobirin, Supardiyono. “Pranata Mangsa Dan Budaya Kearifan Lingkungan.” Jurnal Budaya Nusantara 2, no. 1 (2018). https://doi.org/10.36456/b.nusantara.vol2.no1.a1719.
  31. Syam, Hikmatul Adhiyah. “Harmonisasi Penanggalan Bangsa Arab Dan Suku Bugis-Makassar.” Elfalaky 02 (2018).
  32. Wiriadiwangsa, Dedik. “Pranata Mangsa , Masih Penting Untuk Pertanian,” n.d.
  33. Yuli, Hastin Erma. “Mengapa Terjadi Kemarau Basah ?” Membumi Mengangkasa. 2013. https://doi.org/https://yulihastin.wordpress.com/2013/07/03/mengapa-terjadi-musim-kemarau/.
  34. Yusmar, Syarifuddin. “Penanggalan Bugis-Makassar Dalam Penentuan Awal Bulan Kamariah Menurut SyariAh Dan Sains.” HUNAFA: Jurnal Studia Islamika 5, no. 3 (2008). https://doi.org/10.24239/jsi.v5i3.175.265-286.

Al-Hilal: Journal of Islamic Astronomy
Published by Faculty of Sharia and Law Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang in collaboration with Asosiasi Dosen Falak Indonesia (ADFI)
Jl Prof. Dr. Hamka Kampus III Ngaliyan Semarang 50185
Phone: (024) 7601291
Website: https://fsh.walisongo.ac.id/
Email: alhilal@walisongo.ac.id

 
apps