Empowering Teacher of Religious Education in Multicultural Society

M Muslih

Abstract


This paper revealed the result of research regarding the position of teacher, focusing on the importance of empowering teacher of religious education in multicultural society, such as Indonesia. Methodologically, it is a qualitative undertaking of literary research. Employing the technique of content analysis this study scrutinized features of multicultural society, an exemplary profile of teacher of religious education, as well as how to empower this kind of teacher in order to fit in with a diverse society. The findings of this research are, multicultural society can be understood as a society which consists of several cultural communities with their overlapping but the distinct conception of the world, a system of meaning, values, forms of social organizations, histories, customs, and practices. The idealized profile of teacher of religious education is a type of teacher who meets the certain qualifications prescribed by Islamic teachings and guided by the law and regulation in Indonesia, in particular.  Teacher of religious education has a very important role in preparing students to be good citizens in a multicultural society. Therefore the teacher of religious education must have an awareness that he or she is part of a multicultural society. The teacher should be empowered to instill in his or her students an inclusive religious understanding to make them tolerant and respectful of other people of different cultures and religions, which is essential in order to strengthen harmony and national unity.

Makalah ini mengungkapkan hasil penelitian mengenai posisi guru, berfokus pada pentingnya memberdayakan guru pendidikan agama dalam masyarakat multikultural, seperti Indonesia. Secara metodologis, ini adalah sebuah upaya penelitian literatur (kualitatif). Dengan menggunakan teknik content analysis penelitian ini menganalisa features  masyarakat multikultural, profil ideal guru pendidikan agama, serta bagaimana memberdayakan guru semacam ini agar sesuai dengan kondisi masyarakat yang beraneka ragam. Temuan penelitian ini adalah, masyarakat multikultural dapat dipahami sebagai masyarakat yang terdiri dari beberapa komunitas budaya dengan konsepsi yang tumpang tindih tapi berbeda tentang dunia, sistem makna, nilai, bentuk organisasi sosial, sejarah, adat istiadat dan praktek.  Profil ideal guru pendidikan agama adalah jenis guru yang memenuhi kualifikasi tertentu yang ditentukan oleh ajaran Islam dan dipandu oleh hukum dan peraturan di Indonesia, khususnya. Guru pendidikan agama memiliki peran yang sangat penting dalam mempersiapkan murid-murid untuk menjadi warga negara yang baik di tengah masyarakat multikulural. Oleh karena itu guru pendidikan agama harus memiliki kesadaran bahwa ia adalah bagian dari masyarakat multikultural. Guru tersebut harus diberdayakan untuk menanamkan dalam diri muridnya pemahaman keagamaan yang inklusif untuk membuat mereka toleran dan hormat pada orang lain yang berbeda kultur dan agama, ini penting dilakukan agar dapat mempekuat harmoni dan kesatuan nasional.


Keywords


education; multicultural society; religious education; teacher; tolerance

Full Text:

PDF

References


Allgood, Ilene. 2016. “Faith and Freedom of Religion in U.S. Public Schools: Issues and Challenges Facing Teachers.” Religious Education 111 (3). Routledge: 270–87. doi:10.1080/00344087.2016.1169882.

Aronson, Brittany, Tasneem Amatullah, and Judson Laughter. 2016. “Culturally Relevant Education: Extending the Conversation to Religious Diversity.” Multicultural Perspectives 18 (3). Routledge: 140–49. doi:10.1080/15210960.2016.1185609.

Azra, Azyumardi. 2007. Identitas Dan Krisis Budaya, Membangun Multikulturalisme Indonesia. Jakarta: Pustaka Indonesia.

Babbie, Earl R. 2010. The Practice of Social Research. Wadsworth: Cengage Learning.

Baidhawy, Zakiyuddin. 2005. Pendidikan Agama Berwawasan Multikultural. Jakarta: PT. Gelora Aksa Pratama.

Banks, James A. 2007. Educating Citizens in a Multicultural Society. New York and London: Teachers College Press.

Barry, Nancy H., and Judith V. Lechner. 1995. “Preservice Teachers’ Attitudes about and Awareness of Multicultural Teaching and Learning.” Teaching and Teacher Education 11 (2). Pergamon: 149–61. doi:10.1016/0742-051X(94)00018-2.

Berman, Gabrielle, and Yin Paradies. 2010. “Racism, Disadvantage and Multiculturalism: Towards Effective Anti-Racist Praxis.” Ethnic and Racial Studies 33 (2). Taylor & Francis Group: 214–32. doi:10.1080/01419870802302272.

Bilal, Muhammad, and Syed Asad Abbas Rizvi. 2016. “Multicultural Teacher Preparation in Practice: A Hermeneutical Disposition.” European Scientific Journal 12 (31): 1857–7881. doi:10.19044/esj.2016.v12n31p233.

BPS. 2012. “Penduduk Indonesia Menurut Provinsi 1971, 1980, 1990, 1995, 2000 Dan 2010.” Badan Pusat Statistik. https://www.bps.go.id/linkTabelStatis/view/id/1267.

Daradjat, Zakiah. et al. 1993. Ilmu Pendidikan Islam. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Heath, Anthony, and Neli Demireva. 2014. “Has Multiculturalism Failed in Britain?” Ethnic and Racial Studies 37 (1). Routledge: 161–80. doi:10.1080/01419870.2013.808754.

Hilmy, Masdar. 2003. “Menggagas Paradigma Pendidikan Berbasis Multikulturalisme.” Jurnal Ulumuna 7 (2).

Holsti, Ole R. 1969. Content Analysis for the Social Sciences and Humanities. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.

Irhandayaningsih, Ana. 2012. “Kajian Filosofis Terhadap Multikulturalisme Indonesia.” HUMANIKA 15 (9). doi:10.14710/humanika.15.9.

King, Carolyn. 2010. “Faith Schools in Pluralistic Britain: Debate, Discussion, and Considerations.” Journal of Contemporary Religion 25 (2). Routledge: 281–99. doi:10.1080/13537901003750977.

Maarif, Syamsul. 2017. “Islamic Education in an Open Society: Cultivating Social Coexistence.” MAGNT Research Report 4 (2): 50–61.

McKenzie, Cameron. 1997. “The Menace of Multiculturalism.” Australian Daily Issue. http://www.gwb.com.au/gwb/news/pc/multi3.htm.

Muhaimin. 2002. Paradigma Pendidikan Islam: Upaya Mengefektifkan Pendidikan Agama Islam Di Sekolah. Bandung: Rosda Karya.

———. 2006. Nuansa Baru Pendidikan Islam: Mengurai Benang Kusut Dunia Pendidikan. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo.

Muslih. 2009. Islamization of Knowledge and Islamic Educational Reform: Understanding Al-Faruqi’s Thought. Yogyakarta: IDEA Press.

Nata, Abuddin. 2006. Filsafat Pendidikan Islam I. Jakarta: Logos Wacana Ilmu.

Nuansa Aulia’s Editor. 2006. Himpunan Perundang-Undangan Republik Indonesia Tentang Guru Dan Dosen. Bandung: Nuansa Aulia.

Nuryatno, M. Agus. 2008. Mazhab Pendidikan Kritis Menyikap Relasi Pengetahuan, Politik, Dan Kekuasaan. Yogyakarta: Rasist Book.

“Population of Indonesia - Demographic Composition.” 2017. Indonesia-Investment. https://www.indonesia-investments.com/culture/population/item67.

Rosado, Caleb. 1996. “Toward a Definition of Multiculturalism.”

Sebastian, J. Jayakiran. 2014. “Engaging Multiculturalism as Public Theologians.” International Journal of Public Theology 8 (3). Brill: 335–43. doi:10.1163/15697320-12341355.

Sopiah. 2009. “Pendidikan Multikultural Dalam Pendidikan Islam.” Forum Tarbiyah 7 (2): 157–66.

Suparlan, Parsudi. 2002. “Menuju Masyarakat Indonesia Yang Multikultural.” Bali.

Tafsir, Ahmad. 2007. Ilmu Pendidikan Dalam Perspektif Islam. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya.

Usman, Moh. Uzer. 2001. Menjadi Guru Profesional. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya.

Waghid, Yusef. 2013. “Islamic Education and Cosmopolitanism: A Philosophical Interlude.” Studies in Philosophy and Education 33 (3): 329–42. doi:10.1007/s11217-013-9390-3.

Waghid, Yusef, and Nuraan Davids. 2014. “Muslim Education and Its (In)commensurability with Multiculturalism: Some Thoughts on the Imaginative Madrassah.” Policy Futures in Education 12 (1). SAGE PublicationsSage UK: London, England: 124–30. doi:10.2304/pfie.2014.12.1.124.

Yaqin, M. Ainul. 2005. Pendidikan Multikultural: Cross Cultural Understanding Untuk Demokrasi Dan Keadilan. Yogyakarta: Pilar Media.

Zuhairini. 1995. Filsafat Pendidikan Islam. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21580/ws.25.1.1213

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Walisongo: Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexed by

Journal Terindex di DOAJ Journal Terindex di EBSCO Journal Terindex di Crossref Journal Terindex di Google Scholar Journal Terindex di Academia Journal Terindex di citefactor Journal Terindex di citeulike Journal Terindex di Base Journal Terindex di Portal Garuda Journal Terindex di Moraref Journal Terindex di Sinta Journal Terindex di onesearch

 


Copyright © 2017 Walisongo: Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan, ISSN: 0852-7172 (p) 2461-064X (e)

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons
View My Stats