Indonesian Traditional Ulama Notions Against Wahhabism: A Study of Abi al-Faḍal al-Senoriy’s Thought

Muhammad Asif

Abstract


Studies of the early 19th century on the classical literatures of traditional Indonesian Muslim scholars in response to Wahhabi developments have forgotten the important work of Kawākib al-Lammā‘ah written by Abi al-Faḍal al-Senoriy. This book emerged in the midst of a situation of massive expansion of Wahhabi teachings and of intense debate among modernist and traditional Muslim groups in Indonesia. This book also represents Nahdlatul Ulama’s response towards Wahhabi teachings because the 23rd Nahdlatul Ulama Conference in Solo in 1964 was recommended to be a referred book in pesantrens and other educational institutions of the Nahdlatul Ulama. Through descriptive-qualitative analysis, this article examines the thought of Abi al-Faḍal al-Senoriy in the particular book. This article finds that Abi al-Faḍal has carried out a critical study on Wahhabi teachings, which according to him opposes Sunni teachings for the Wahhabi teachings contradict some important foundation in the Ahl al-Sunnah Islamic tradition in terms of theology, fiqh, and Sufism.


Keywords


Abi al-Faḍal al-Senoriy; Al-Kawākib al-Lammā‘ah; Indonesian traditional Ulama; Sunni Islam; Wahhabi teachings

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abbas, Sirajudin. 2008. I’tiqod Ahlussunnah Wal Jama’ah. Jakarta Selatan: Pustaka Tarbiyah Baru.

Al-Faḍal, Abi. n.d. Al-Durr Al-Farīd Fī Sharḥ Naẓm Jauhar Al-Tawḥīd. Tuban: Majlis Nashr Muallafāt Shaikh Ahmad Abi al-Faḍal.

———. n.d. Al-Kawākib Al-Lammā’ah Fī Taḥqīq Al-Musammā Bi Ahli Al-Sunnah Wa Al-Jamā’ah. Kudus: Kereta Putera.

———. n.d. Kashf Al-Tabārīh Fī Bayān Shalāt Al-Tarāwih.

———. n.d. Sharḥ Al-Kawākib Al-Lammā’ah.

Algar, Hamid. 2008. Wahhabisme Sebuah Tinjauan Kritis. Jakarta: Paramadina.

Asif, Muhammad. 2016. Majlis Tafsir Al-Qur’an (MTA): Dinamika, Doktrin dan Pencarian Wacana. Malang: Madza Publishing.

Asif, Muhammad, and Mochammad Arifin. 2017. “Tafsir Aḥkām Pertama Dari Pesantren: Telaah Awal Atas Tafsīr Ayāt Al-Aḥkām Min Al-Qur’ān Al-Karīm Karya Abi Al-Faḍal Al-Senoriy.” Suhuf Jurnal Pengkajian Al-Qur’an dan Budaya. doi:10.22548/SHF.V10I2.194.

Bruinessen, Martin Van. 1994. “Pesantren and Kitab Kuning: Maintenance and Continuation of a Tradition of Religious Learning.” In Texts from the Islands Oral and Written Traditions of Indonesia and the Malay World, edited by Wolfgang Marschall, 121–45. Berne: University of Berne.

Dhofier, Zamakhsyari. 1980. “The Pesantren Tradition: A Study of the Role of the Kyai in Maintenance the Traditional Ideology of Islam in Java.” Australian National University. doi:10.1063/1.3095680.

Dobbin, Cristine. 2008. Gejolak Ekonomi, Kebangkitan Islam, dan Gerakan Padri Minangkabau 1784-1847. Depok: Komunitas Bambu.

El-Fadl, Khaled Abou. 2005. The Great Theft Wrestling Islam from the Extremists. San Franscisco: HarperOne.

Faqih, Muhammad. 2005. Menolak Wahhabi. Jakarta: Shahifa.

Hadler, Jeffrey. 2008. “A Historiography of Violence and the Secular State in Indonesia: Tuanku Imam Bondjol and the Uses of History.” The Journal of Asian Studies 67 (03). doi:10.1017/S0021911808001228.

Hasan, Noorhaidi. 2011. “Salafi Madrasas and Islamic Radicalism in Post-New Order Indonesia.” In Islamic Studies and Islamic Education in Contemprory Southeast Asia, edited by Ahmad Kamaruzzaman Bustaman Jory Patrick and, 93. Kuala lumpur: Yayasan Ilmuwan.

Interview with Abdul Jalil, Son of Abi al-Faḍal, Tuban, 5 September 2010 and 21 Febuary 2011.

Interview with Kyai Maemoen Zubeir, Pondok Pesantren Al-Anwar, Sarang, Rembang, 19 December 2017.

Interview with Minanur Rahman, santri and son-in-law of Abi al-Faḍal, Sedan, Rembang September 2010, 18 July 2014, and February 2017.

Interview with Mujami’, santri of Abi al-Faḍal, Tuban, December 2016 and 22 November 2017.

Interview with Zainul Milal Bizawie, son of Kyai Muhibbi Hamzawi, 30 May 2017.

Maimoen Zubair. n.d. Tarājim Mashāyikh Al-Ma’āhid Al-Diniyyah Bi Sarang Al-Qudamā’. Rembang: Ponpes Al-Anwar Sarang.

Maksum, Ali. n.d. Ḥujjah Aḥl Sunnah Wa Al-Jamā’ah. Pekalongan: Ibnu Masyhadi.

Mustofa, Misbach. 2006. Anda Ahlussunnah? Anda Bermadzhab? Tuban: Al-Misbah.

Najib, Burhani Ahmad. 2006. “The Ideological Shift of Muhammadiyah from Cultural into Puritanical Tendency in 1930s.” Jurnal Masyarakat Dan Budaya 8 (1): 1–22.

Noer, Deliar. 1991. Gerakan Modern Islam Di Indonesia 1900-1942. Jakarta: LP3ES.

Rusli. 2014. “Indonesian Salafism on Jihad and Suicide Bombings.” Journal of Indonesian Islam 08 (01): 91–111. doi:10.15642/JIIS.2014.8.1.91-111.

Saleh, Fauzan. 2004. Teologi Pembaharuan: Pergeseran Wacana Islam Sunni di Indonesia Abad XX. Jakarta: Serambi.

Wahhab, Muhammad bin Abdul. 2007. Kitāb Al-Tawḥīd. Kairo: Maktabah al-Hadyu al-Muhammadiy.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21580/ws.26.2.2841

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Walisongo: Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexed by

Journal Terindex di DOAJ Journal Terindex di EBSCO Journal Terindex di Crossref  Journal Terindex di Sinta Journal Terindex di Google Scholar Journal Terindex di Academia Journal Terindex di Mendeley  Journal Terindex di Leiden Journal Terindex di Base Journal Terindex di Garuda Journal Terindex di Moraref Journal Terindex di onesearch 

 


Copyright © 2019 Walisongo: Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan, ISSN: 0852-7172 (p) 2461-064X (e)

Published by Institute for Research and Community Services (LP2M), Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang
Jl. Walisongo No. 3-5 Semarang, Indonesia. Phone +6224 7601292 Email: walisongo@walisongo.ac.id

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons
View My Stats