Arab Spring and The Emergence of Anti-Shia Movement in Indonesia

Mochammad Maola


The rejection of Shia movement in Indonesia is a new discourse. Shia presence in Indonesia has been since the early arrival of Islam. But why the Shia resistance movement emerging in the early 21st century? I argue that the Arab spring is the biggest trigger is related to the rise of anti-Shia movements in Indonesia. This paper will explore the relationship between the Arab spring and its influence on the anti-Shia in Indonesia, including the emergence of a national-level organization called ANNAS, or Aliansi Nasional Anti Syiah (Anti-Shia National Alliance), which was declared on August 20, 2014. It aims to increase public awareness to the issue of anti-Shia and avoid potential conflicts which cause separations and threaten national stability as happened in the Arab countries that are currently happening provocations by parties who have interests and hidden agendas on them. Indonesia as a country that refer to Pancasila should be prepared for the issues that triggered the disintegration of the nation.


Shia, Arab Spring, Anti-Shia, Indonesia

Full Text:



Al-Shahrastani. 2011. Al-Milal wa an-Nihal. Beirut: Darul Kutub Ilmiyah.

Ayoob, M. 2012. The Arab Spring: Its Geostrategic Significance. Middle East Policy. Vol. 19, No. 3,pp. 84-97.

Browers, M. 2011. Official Islam and the Limits of Communicative Action: the Paradox of the Amman Message. Third World Quarterly. Vol. 32, No. 5, 2011, pp 943–958.

Carnegie, P. J. 2014. Is Indonesia’s Democratization a Road Map for the Arab Spring? Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations. Vol. 151, Winter, 2014, pp. 95-105.

Chamki, T. 2014. Neo-Islamism in the post-Arab Spring. Contemporary Politics. Vol. 20, No. 4, pp. 453–468.

Cook, S. A. 2012. Corruption and the Arab Spring. The Brown Journal of World Affairs. Vol. 18, No. 2, pp. 21-28.

Eyadat, Z. 2011. Islams: Between Dialoguing and Mainstreaming. Philosophy and Social Criticism. Vol. 38, 2011, pp. 207-516.

Hafez & Wikotorowicz. 2015. Violence as Contention in the Egyptian Islamic Movement. A Reader in Religious Activism and Political Violence (ed. Mohammad Iqbal Ahnaf). Yogyakarta: Center for Religious and Cross-cultural Studies.

Hasim, M. 2011. Shia: Its History and Development in Indonesia. Analisa. Vol. 19, No. 02, 2012, pp. 147-158.

Jones, J. T. 2011. Saudi Arabia Versus the Arab Spring. Philosophy and Social Criticism. Vol. 38, No. 2, 2011, pp. 43-59.

McCoy, M. E. 2013. Purifying Islam in Post-Authoritarian Indonesia: Corporatist Metaphors And The Rise of Religious Intolerance. Rhetoric & Public Affairs. Vol. 16, No. 2, 2013, pp. 275-315.

Notten, P. W. F. V. 2014. After the Arab Spring: an Opportunity for Scenarios. Eur J Futures Res. Vol. 15, 2014, pp. 1-6.

Samii, W. A. 2006. Shias in Lebanon: The Key to Democracy. Middle East Policy. Vol. 13, No. 2, 2006 pp. 30-37.

Stepan, A. & Linz, J. J. 2013. Democratization Theory and the “Arab Spring”. Journal of Democracy. Vol 24, No. 2, 2013, pp. 15-30.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Indexed by

Journal Terindex di Crossref Journal Terindex di Google Scholar Journal Terindex di Academia 

Copyright © 2017 Journal of Islamic Studies and Humanities, ISSN: 2527-8401 (p) 2527-838X (e)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
View My Stats