Perubahan Sosial Masyarakat Desa Akibat Penggunaan Sumber Air Bersama Perusahaan Daerah Air Minum (PDAM)

Desi Yunita*  -  Departemen Sosiologi, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia
Nunung Nurwati  -  (Scopus ID 57215911217) Departemen Sosiologi, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia
Wahju Gunawan  -  (Scopus ID 57208337530) Departemen Sosiologi, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia

(*) Corresponding Author
The water source in the Perhutani forest area is the main water source for the village community in Sumedang Regency West Java. At present, the same source is also used by the Sumedang Regency water company to meet the water needs of urban communities. This article describes the social changes that have occurred in rural communities as a result of the shared use of water resources from the Perhutani Forest. This article is based on qualitative research with a case study approach. Data collection techniques used were observation, interviews, and questionnaires. It was found that there have been social changes in forest-edge communities. The change is clearly seen in the changing pattern of planting and community agricultural commodities. Furthermore, it was found that changes also occurred in the mode of production (infrastructure) which was marked by the shift of control of the water source to the water company (PDAM), the changes in the mode of production directly affect changes in the structure of the forest village community which is mainly seen from changes in community livelihoods due to changes in agricultural patterns and systems in the community. Changes to the structure can also be seen from the formation of the existing water user structure at the RW level to regulate household water allocation and distribution.

Keywords : water source; social changes; infrastructure; structure

  1. Alseaf, Hassan F. 2017. “Water Privatization: Is Privatization of Water Utilities the Right approach to Achieve Efficient Water Resources Management?” Revista de Arquitetura IMED 6(1):3–13.
  2. Bakker, Karen. 2005. “Neoliberalizing Nature? Market Environmentalism in Water Supply in England and Wales.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 95(3):542–65.
  3. Briscoe, John. 1996a. Water as an Economic Good: Old and New Concepts and Implications for Analysis and Implementation. Colombo.
  4. Briscoe, John. 1996b. “Water as an Economic Good: The Idea and What it Means in Practice.” in a paper presented at the World Congress of the International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage. Cairo.
  5. Briscoe, John. 2011. “Water as an Economic Good: Old and New Concepts and Implications for Analysis and Implementation.” Hal. 61–65 in Treatise on Water Science. Vol. 1, ed. P. Wilderer. London: Elsevier.
  6. Denzin, Norman K. dan Yvonna S. Lincoln, ed. 2009. Handbook of Qualitatif Reseserch. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Pustaka Pelajar.
  7. Falkenmark, M. dan C. Widstrand. 1992. Population Bulletin. Washington DC: Population Reference Bureau.
  8. Fisher, Darrell dan John Cresswell. 1998. “Actual and Ideal Principal Interpersonal Behaviour.” Learning Environments Research 1:231–47.
  9. Glińska-Lewczuk, Katarzyna, Iwona Gołaś, Józef Koc, Anna Gotkowska-Płachta, Monika Harnisz, dan Andrzej Rochwerger. 2016. “The Impact of Urban Areas on the Water Quality Gradient along a Lowland River.” Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 188(11):624.
  10. Godina, Elena. 2005. “Water Wars: Privatization, Pollution, and Profit. By Vandana Shiva. Pp. 221. (Pluto Press, London, 2002.) £12.99, ISBN 0-745-318371, paperback.” Journal of Biosocial Science 37(3):381–82.
  11. Grey, David dan Claudia W. Sadoff. 2006. Water for Growth and Development: A Theme Document of the 4th World Water Forum. Mexico City: National Water Commission of Mexico.
  12. Literathy, P. 1996. “Industrial Wastes and Water Pollution.” h. 21–32 in Regional Approaches to Water Pollution in the Environment. NATO ASI Series (Series 2: Environment), ed. P. E. Rijtema dan V. Eliáš. Dordrecht: Springer.
  13. Liyanage, Chamara P. dan Koichi Yamada. 2017. “Impact of Population Growth on the Water Quality of Natural Water Bodies.” Sustainability 9(8):1405–18.
  14. McGrane, Scott J. 2016. “Impacts of Urbanisation on Hydrological and Water Quality Dynamics, and Urban Water Management: A Review.” Hydrological Sciences Journal 61(13):2295–2311.
  15. Mogelgaard, Kathleen. 2011. Why Population Matters to Water Resources.
  16. Morote-Seguido, Álvaro Francisco dan María Hernández-Hernández. 2016. “Green Areas and Water Management in Residential Developments in the European Western Mediterranean. A Case Study of Alicante, Spain.” Geografisk Tidsskrift - Danish Journal of Geography 116(2):190–201.
  17. Munandar, Soelaeman M. 1998. Dinamika Masyarakat Transisi: Mencari Alternatif Teori Sosiologi dan Arah Perubahan. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.
  18. Peet, Richard dan Elaine Rachel Hartwick. 2009. Theories of Development: Contentions, Arguments, Alternatives. London: Guilford Press.
  19. Perry, C. J., M. Rock, dan D. Seckler. 1997. Water as an Economic Good: A Solution, or a Problem? Colombo: International Irrigation Management Institute.
  20. Saifuddin, Achmad Fedyani. 2006. Antropologi Kontemporer: Pengantar Kritis untuk Paradigma. Jakarta: Kencana.
  21. Shiva, Vandana. 2002. Water Wars: Privatization, Pollution, and Profit. London: Pluto Press.
  22. Stoyanova, Zornitsa dan Hristina Harizanova. 2019. “Impact of Agriculture on Water Pollution.” Agrofor 4(1):111–18.
  23. Suseno, Suseno. 2010. “Analisis Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Tingkat Kemiskinan di Indonesia.” Fenomena Ekonomi 1(1):30–40.
  24. Sztompka, Piotr. 2007. Trust: A Sociological Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  25. Turton, A. R. dan L. Ohlsson. 2018. Water Scarcity and Social Stability: Towards a Deeper Understanding of the Key Concepts Needed to Manage Water Scarcity in Developing Countries. Sweden.
  26. Wijitkosum, Saowanee. 2012. Evaluation of Impacts of Spatial Land Use Changes on Soil Loss Using Remote Sensing and Gis in Huay Sai Royal Development Center. Thailand.
  27. World Bank. 2018. Water Scarce Cities. Washington, DC: World Bank.
  28. World Meteorological Organization. 1992. International Conference on Water and the Environment: Development Issues for the 21st Century, 26-31 January 1992, Dublin, Ireland: The Dublin Statement and Report of the Conference. Geneva, Switzerland: World Meteorological Organization.

Open Access Copyright (c) 2020 JSW (Jurnal Sosiologi Walisongo)
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

web stats
View My Stats

JSW (Jurnal Sosiologi Walisongo)

Published by Laboratorium Sosiologi - Program Studi Ilmu Sosiologi
FISIP Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang
in collaboration with APSSI - Asosiasi Program Studi Sosiologi Indonesia
(Association of Study-Program of Sociology Indonesia)