Habitus and Symbolic Violence in Sar Culture, Merauke, Papua

Trinovianto George Reinhard Hallatu*    -  (Scopus ID 57207452822) - 1) Universitas Musamus Merauke, Papua, Indonesia; 2) Doctoral Program in Sociology, Graduate School of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia
Darsono Wisadirana  -  (Scopus ID 57205631693) Doctoral Program in Sociology, Graduate School of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia
Sholih Mu'adi    -  (Scopus ID 57218366767) Doctoral Program in Sociology, Graduate School of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia
Anif Fatma Chawa    -  (Scopus ID 57194827049) Doctoral Program in Sociology, Graduate School of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia

(*) Corresponding Author

The sar culture is the pre-existing culture of the Kanum tribe whose implementation is aimed to maintain and preserve nature. Sar culture not only has a positive influence on the environment, but it also represents symbolic violence against women and the Kanum people. This research is aimed to describe sar culture based on the theory of habitus and symbolic violence by Bourdieu. This research involved a qualitative descriptive method, in which the data was obtained from in-depth interviews with Kanum tribal head, Kanum tribe elders, and some village residents involved in sar, observation in Naukenjerai district, and supported by literature review. All collected data were then analyzed descriptively according to the concepts of habitus and symbolic violence by Bourdieu. The research results show that sar culture is a habitus resulting from an interaction between human beings and their nature that has existed for long before. Besides that, there is symbolic violence to the Kanum women and also to the Kaum people, which done by the Kanum men and the leaders of the Kanum tribe as the dominant actors.

Keywords: habitus; symbolic violence; Bourdieu; sar culture; Merauke

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