The Ratification of Omnibus Law: A Sign of Democratic Deconsolidation in Indonesia

Muchamad Zaenal Arifin*    -  Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Universität Passau, Passau, Germany
Wahyu Budi Nugroho  -  Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Udayana, Badung, Indonesia
Ana María Naranjo Cortés    -  Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Universität Passau, Passau, Germany
Pricilia Purnama  -  Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany

(*) Corresponding Author

Indonesia as a post-authoritarian democratic country has made impressive progress in its democratic transition. However, there is a significant contradiction in the democratic process, particularly in policy and law-making. This article queries to what extent democratic deconsolidation contributes to the ratification of the Omnibus Law on Job Creation in Indonesia. This research uses a qualitative method by using academic literature, news analysis, and official government documents. The study employs various theoretical approaches, including horizontal accountability by Wolfgang Merkel, discursive participation by Jürgen Habermas, and democratic civil-military relations by Samuel Huntington. The first finding shows that the accumulation of Joko Widodo's political power has affected the quality of debate and the agreement during the deliberation of the Omnibus Law in the parliament. Second, the opaque process by limiting public participation has narrowed the space for the democratic mobilization of the citizens. Third, the increasing number of retired armed forces in domestic affairs has resulted in the dual function of military power in securing the country and the economic development agenda. The study shows that the deconsolidation of democracy has contributed to the ratification of the Omnibus Law on Job Creation which was deliberated through a non-transparent mechanism.

Keywords: democratic deconsolidation; Omnibus Law; horizontal accountability; discursive participation; democratic civil-military relations

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