Pengolahan Air Limbah Menjadi Air Minum Dengan Menghilangkan Amonium Dan Bakteri E-Coli Melalui Membran Nanofiltrasi

Malikhatul Hidayah*  -  Jurusan Kimia, Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi, UIN Walisongo Semarang, Indonesia

(*) Corresponding Author

Industrial waste water area that flows in the River Flood Canal Semarang can affect the environment if not done processing. Membrane is one alternative water treatment technologies with the principle of filtration. The presence of fouling is a problem encountered in the use of the membrane. In this study will be made of non-fouling nanofiltration membranes made from cellulose acetate. Manufacture of cellulose acetate membrane is accomplished by phase inversion method, which is changing the shape of the polymer solid phase into the liquid phase rich in solvent into solids (membrane) which is rich in polymer. Therefore, the aim of this study was to create a non-fouling nanofiltration membrane using cellulose acetate polymer as well as assess the effect of PEG additives and pre-treatment with UV light to the surface of the structure and performance of cellulose acetate membranes for produced water treatment. Research using cellulose acetate membranes for wastewater treatment is done by varying the type of PEG 1500 and 4000, variations of PEG of 1, 3 and 5% by weight and a UV irradiation for 10, 20 and 30 seconds. The research followed by testing the performance of the membrane in wastewater treatment using a dead-end filtration with the parameters of flux and rejection. Characterization of the membrane was analyzed with SEM and FTIR. Analysis of the results was conducted to determine the levels of turbidity, TDS, COD, Ca2+, S2- and oil in waste water before and after passing through the membrane.

Keywords : Waste water; nanofiltration membranes; cellulose acetate; filtration apparatus; SEM and FTIR analysis

  1. Ahmadun, F.R., Pendashteh, A., Abdullah, L.C., Biak, D.R.A., Madaeni, S.S., Abidin, Z.Z. 2009. Review of Technologies for Oil and Gas Produced Water Treatment, Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 170, pp. 530–551.
  2. Alzahrani, S., Mohammad, A.W., Hilal, N., Abdullah, P. dan Jaafar, O. 2013a. Comparative study of NF and RO membranes in the treatment of produced water — Part I : Assessing water quality, Desalination, vol. 315, pp. 18–26.
  3. Alzahrani, S., Mohammad, A.W., Hilal, N., Abdullah, P. dan Jaafar, O. 2013c. Potential tertiary treatment of produced water using highly hydrophilic nanofiltration and reverse osmosis membranes, Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, vol. 1, pp. 1341–1349.
  4. Barker, R.W. 2004. Membrane Technology and Application. 2nd ed, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex.
  5. Billmeyer, F.W. 1962. Text Book of Polimer Science, John Willey and Sons Inc., New York and London.
  6. Kirk, B. E. dan Othmer, D.F. 1996. Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, The Interscience Encyclopedia Inc, New York.
  7. Mulder, M. 1996. Basic Principles of Membrane Technology, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherland.
  8. Nunes, S. P. dan Peinemann, K.V. 2001. Membrane Technology in The Chemical Industry, New York: Willey VCH.
  9. Nur, A.P., Sari, D.K. dan Susanto, H. 2013. Integrasi Penyinaran Dengan Sinar UV Pada Proses Inversi Fase Untuk Pembuatan Membran Non-Fouling, Jurnal Teknologi Kimia dan Industri, vol.2, no.4, pp.189–197.
  10. Sukmawati, H. dan Firdaus, M.M.H. 2014. Pembuatan dan Karakterisasi Membran Selulosa Asetat untuk Pengolahan Air Terproduksi, Skripsi, Jurusan Teknik Kimia Fakultas Teknik Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang.
  11. Susanto, Heru, Balakrishnan, M., dan Ulbricht, M. 2007. Via surface functionalization by photograft copolimerization to low-fouling poliethersulfone-based ultrafiltration membranes, Journal of Membrane Science, vol. 288, pp. 157-167.
  12. Uemura T., dan Henmi M. 2008. Thin-Film Composite Membranes for Reverse Osmosis. Dalam Li, N.N., Fane, A.G., Ho, W.S., dan Matsura, T. (Editor), Advanced Membrane Technology and Application , pp. 3-18, New Jersey : John Wiley & Sons Inc.

Open Access Copyright (c) 2018 Walisongo Journal of Chemistry
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

WJC: Walisongo Journal of Chemistry
Published by the Department of Chemistry
Faculty of Science and Technology
Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang
Jl Prof. Dr. Hamka Kampus II Ngaliyan Semarang 50185
Phone: +62 857-4272-8650

ISSN: 2549-385X (Print)
ISSN: 2621-5985 (Online)

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Get a feed by atom here, RRS2 here, and OAI Links here