Dwi Hartanti, Tatik Mulyati


The enhancement of WHR value which is one of abdominal obesity predictor is usually correlated with the rise of chronic disease risks because its relations with the metabolic syndrome. Dietary intake and energy expenditure factors may have the important role of balance energy that can increase WHR value. The aim of this study is to analyze correlation of energy expenditure, energy and fiber intake with waist hip ratio (WHR) of officers. This cross-sectional study was taken place at PT. Pertamina (Persero) Semarang with consecutive counted 55 sample. Energy and fiber intake was estimated by dietary food record 2 x 24 hour dan Semi-Quantitative Food Frequency Quesionaire. While energy expenditure was counted by using form diary activity. Statistic correlation was calculated by Statistic Package for the Social Science (SPSS) for window. About 70,9% of total subject has abdominal obesity. The prevalence of abdominal obesity is higher in women (81,5%) than men (60,7%). The mean of energy intake is 2402.2 ± 319.68 Kcal. Obese subject has 7,2% higher energy intake than normal subject. About 40% subject has light energy expenditure category and 45,5% subject is belong to moderate energy expenditure category. About 96,4% subject has fiber intake less than 25 gram per day. The result of this study shows that energy intake has association with WHR(r = 0.455 ; p = 0.000). Fiber intake is inversely associated with WHR(r = -0.382 ; p = 0.004). Energy expenditure also has negative association with WHR(r = -0.268 ; p = 0.048). There are significantly correlation of energy expenditure, energy and fiber intake with WHR.


abdominal obesity ,energy intake, energy expenditure, fiber, waist-hip ratio

Full Text:



Almatsier S. 2002. Prinsip Dasar Ilmu Gizi. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Arner P. 1997. Obesity and The Adipocyte – Regional adipocity in man. Journal of Endocrinology ;155:192-191

Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional. 2006. Rencana Aksi Nasional Pangan dan Gizi 2006-2010. Available from http://

Badan Pusat Statistik. 2003. Pemerataan Pendapatan dan Pola Konsumsi Penduduk Jawa Tengah 2003. Semarang: Badan Pusat Statistik Propinsi Jawa Tengah

Departemen Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. 2001. Penelitian Pangan dan Gizi. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan: Bogor.

Espeland MA, Stefanick ML, Silverstein DK, Fineberg SE, Waclawiw MA, James MK, et al. 1997. Effect of Postmenopausal Hormone Therapy on Body Weight and Waist and Hip Girths1. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism [serial online];82(5):p.1549-1556

Fink H, Burgoon LA, Mikesky AE. 2006. Practical application sport nutrition. Sudbury, Massachusetts. Jones and Bartlett. p.322-321.

Fogoros R. 2007. Abdominal Obesity and Its Link to Metabolic Syndrome. Availlable from

Gibson RS. 2005. Antropometric Assessment of Body Composition. Dalam: Principle and Nutritional Assessment second edition. USA: Oxfort University Press; hal 273-285.

Hamam Hadi. 2005. Beban Ganda Masalah Gizi dan Implikasinya terhadap Kebijakan Pembangunan Kesehatan Nasional. Dalam : Pidato Pengukuhan Jabatan Guru Besar pada Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta: UGM.

Kartasapoetra G, Marsetyo H. 2003. Ilmu Gizi. Korelasi Gizi, Kesehatan dan Produktivitas Kerja. Jakarta : Rineka Cipta.

Katch FI, Mc Ardle. Obesity. 1993. In : Introduction to Nutrition, Exercise, and Health. 4th ed. Philadelphia:Lea and Febiger;.p.263-260

Laquatra I. Nutrition for weight management. In : Mahan lk, Escott-Stump S. Krause’s Food, Nutrition, & Diet Therapy. Philadelphia: Saunders; 2004

Ludwig DS, Pereira MA, Kroenke CH, Hilner JE, Van Horn L, Slattery ML, et al. Dietary Fiber, Weight Gain, and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in Young Adults. JAMA [serial online] 1999;282:1546-1539

Muchtadi, Deddy. 2001. Pangan dan Gizi - Pencegahan Gizi Lebih dan Penyakit Kronis Melalui Perbaikan Pola Konsumsi Pangan. Penerbit : Sagung Seto, Institute Pertanian Bogor.hal.94-103

Mummery, WK., Brown, W., Schofield, G., Eakin, E., & Steele, R. (2005). Relationships between occupational sitting time and overweight and obesity in Australian workers. Paper presented at the Australian Society for Behavioral Health and Medicine Conference, Melbourne, Australia.

Nainggolan O, Cornelis Adimunca. 2005. Diet Sehat Dengan Serat. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pemberantasan Penyakit Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan. Departemen Kesehatan RI. Cermin Dunia Kedokteran ;147

Nursanyoto Hertog. 1992. Ilmu Gizi Zat Gizi Utama. Jakarta : Golden Terayon Press; hal.77-101

Pauline KB. 2003. Prospective study of the association of changes in dietary intake,physical activity, alcohol consumption, and smoking with 9-y gain in waist circumference among 16 587 US men. Am J Clin Nutr;78:719–27

Samaras K, Campbell LV. 1997. Mini review-The Non-Genetic Determinants of Central Adiposity. International Journal of Obesity;21:839-845

Satoto, Sri Karjati, Boedhi Dharmojo, Tjokroprawiro A, Kodhyat BA. 1998. Kegemukan, Obesitas, dan Penyakit Degeneratif: Epidemiologi dan Strategi Penanggulangan. Prosiding Widya Karya Nasional Pangan Dan Gizi VI 17-20 Februari.

Seidell JC, Perusse L, Despres JP, Bouchard C . 2001. Waist and Hip circumference have Independent and Opposite Effect on Cardiovaskular Disease Risk Factor. Am J Clin Nutr [serial online] [dikutip pada 28 juli 2007];74(3):315-21.

Sienkiewicz SF, Whitney E. 2006. Nutrition concepts and controversies. 10th ed. Wadsworth. Thomson ; p. 333-312

Soegondo Sidartawan. 2005. Perjalanan Obesitas Menuju Diabetes dan Penyakit Kardiovaskuler. Jakarta : FKUI. RSCM; hal. 1-23

Sudarmani Djoko. 1997. Faktor-faktor Yang Berhubungan Rasio Lingkar Pinggang Lingkar Pinggul Orang Dewasa (kasus Padang). Tesis. Universitas Indonesia. Jakarta. Available from

Supariasa, Bachyar Bakri, Ibnu Fajar. 2002. Penilaian Status Gizi. Jakarta: Penerbit Buku Kedokteran EGC.

Trichopoulou A, Gnardellis C, Lagiou A, Benetou E, Naska A, Trichopoulos D. 2001. Physical activity and energy intake selectively predict the waist-to-hip ratio in men but not in women. Am J Clin Nutr;74:574-8

Troisi R, Heinhold J, Vokonas P, Weiss S. 1991. Cigarette smoking, dietary intake and physical activity: effect on body fat distribution-the Normative Aging Study. Am J Clin Nutr ;53:1104-1111

Uauy R, Albala C, Kain J. 2001. Obesity Trends in Latin America: Transiting from Under to Overweight. USA : American Society For Nutrition Sciences: p 894s.

Whitney EN, Rolfes SR. 2002. Understanding Nutrition. 9th Ed. Belmont, California:Wadsworth Thomson;292-240

Williams MH. 1995. Nutrition for Fitness and Sport. 4th Ed. USA;Brown and Benchmark Publisher.

Wirakusumah, Emma S. 2001. Cara Aman dan Efektif Menurunkan Berat Badan. PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama: Jakarta

Worobey J. 2006. Behavioral aspects of overweight and obesity. In : Worobey J, Tepper BJ, Kanarek R. Nutrition and behavior. A Multidisciplinary Approach. Cambridge, USA: CABI. p. 253-233



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Nutri-Sains: Jurnal Gizi, Pangan dan Aplikasinya

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

      Tidak ada teks alternatif otomatis yang tersedia.


Nutri-Sains Visitor