Karakteristik dan Fungsi Puisi Arab pada Masa Transisi Pemerintahan Dinasti Umayyah ke Dinasti Abbasiyah

Najmah Al Hinduan, Achmad Tohe, Ibnu Samsul Huda

Abstract


The transition period of the Umayyad dynasty to the Abbasid dynasty occurred in a span of 100 years. There are fifteen great poets whose poetry represents the study of this research. The results of this study indicate that there are seven types of poetry found in the transition period, namely madh, hija, naqaidh, zuhud, gazal, khamriyyat, and fakhr. These seven poems have different characteristics to fulfill different functions. Among them are diction which uses connotative words, strong imagination, uses a lot of simile/tasybih, cynicism, sarcasm, personification, and metaphor/istia'rah.


Keywords


abbasid dynasty; poetry; poets; transition; umayyad dynasty

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ainin, Mohammad. 2011. Metodologi Penelitian Bahasa Arab. Malang: CV. Bintang Sejahtera.

Ali, Hamdani. 1990. Pengaruh Syair Di Zaman Jahiliyah Ter-hadap Sayir Di Zaman Amawiyah. Perpustakaan IAIN Jakarta: Jakarta.

Amin, Muhammad. 2016. Kemunduran dan Kehancuran Di-nasti Abbasiyah Serta Dampaknya Terhadap Dunia Islam Kontemporer. Jurnal el Hekam vol. 1no 1.

Arikunto, Suharsimi. 2013. Prosedur Penelitian: Suatu Pen-dekatan Praktik. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Darwis, Mahmud. 2005. Al Amal 2: Diwan. Riad El Rayees Books: Beirut-Lebanon.

Dhaif, Syauqi. 1963. Tarikh al-Adab al-Arabiy. Mesir: Dar al-Maarif.

Djojosuroto, Kiyanti. 2006. Pengajaran Puisi, Analisis dan Pemahamannya. Bandung: Nuansa.

Ismatullah, Dadang. 2014. Membaca Fungsi Sastra Dinasti Umayyah. Jurnal Alfaz (Vol.2 No.2 [Juli-Desember] 2014 ISSN: 2339-2882).

Keraf, Gorys. 2007. Diksi dan Gaya Bahasa. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Manshur, Fadlil Munawwar. 2011. Perkembangan Sastra Ar-ab dan Teori Sastra Islam. Yogyakarta: Pustaka pelajar.

Moleong, Lexy J. 2014. Metode Penelitian Kualitatif. Ban-dung: Remaja Rosdakarya.

Muzakki, Akhmad. 2006. Perkembangan Sastra di Era Bani Umayyah (Analisa Kritis Strukturalisme-Genetik). (di-akses 9 Maret 2019, 12:00)

Muzakki, Akhmad. 2011. Pengantar Teori Sastra Arab. Ma-lang: UIN Maliki press.

Nazhim, Rashid. 1989. Al-Adab al-Arabiy fi al-Ashr al-Abbasiy. Al-Mousul: Mudiriyah Dar al-Kitab Jamiat al-Mousul.

Pradopo, Rachmat Djoko. 1987. Pengkajian puisi. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Rahmanisa, Aulia. Tt. Analisis Stilistika Puisi ‘Surat Untuk Ibu’ Karya Joko Pinurbo. (Online), (http://www.Academia.edu/ 34933187

Rinaldi, Gamma. 2016. Khamr: Definisi dan Kronologi Pengharamannya. (online), (https://medium.com/@gammarinaldi/khamr-definisi-dan-kronologi-pengharamannya-b530cc92e7f6. Diakses 17 September 2019.

Sugiyono. 2016. Metode Penelitian Pendidikan: Pendekatan Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Waluyo, Herman J. 1987. Teori dan Apresiasi Puisi. Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21580/alsina.2.1.5127

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Indexed by:

Journal Terindex di Google Scholar        


Copyright © Alsina : Journal of Arabic Studies, ISSN 2622-6146 (e) 2622-6138 (p)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

View My Stat