Penerapan Project Based Learning (PjBL) Terbimbing untuk Meningkatkan Keaktifan dan Pemahaman Siswa pada Konsep Momentum, Impuls, dan Tumbukan

Lisa Puspitasari  -  Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia
Budi Astuti*  -  (Scopus ID: 37012446200) Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia
Masturi Masturi  -  Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia

(*) Corresponding Author
This study aims to analyze the increase in students' activeness and conceptual understanding after the guided Project Based Learning (PjBL) model is applied. The research method used was a pre-experimental one group pretest-postest design. The research instruments included test and non-test instruments. The test instrument in this study was a reasoned multiple choice. The non-test instrument uses student activeness observation sheets. Students' activeness and conceptual understanding were analyzed using the N-Gain test. The significance of increasing students' activeness and understanding of concepts was analyzed using the Wilcoxon mathced pairs test. The results of the data analysis showed that the students' activeness and conceptual understanding of the Momentum, Impulse, and Collision material after being applied to guided PjBL experienced a low increase with N-Gain of 0.20 and 0.22. The results of the significance test of students' activeness and conceptual understanding were obtained values of 0.041 and 0.000 (<0.050). Based on the results of the analysis, it can be concluded that the implementation of the guided Project Based Learning model was able to significantly increase the activeness and understanding of students' concepts in the material Momentum, Impulse and Collision at Nurul Islami High School.

Keywords : Activity; concept understanding; Project Based Learning.

  1. Abraham, RR, M. Fisher, A. Kamath, T.A. Izzati, S. Nabila, & N. . A. 2011. Exploring First Year Undergraduate Medical Students Self-Directed Learning Readiness to Physiology. Advances in Physiology Education, 35(4): 393–395.
  2. Acharya, B. R. 2017. Factors Affecting Difficulty in Learning Mathematics by Mathematics Learners. International Journal of Elementary Education, 6(2): 8–15.
  3. Afifah, R., Sugianto, & B. A. 2017. Penerapan Pendekatan Pembelajaran Jelajah Alam Sekitar (JAS) terhadap Pemahaman Konsep Siswa. Unnes Physics Education Journal, 6(2): 56–63.
  4. Azka, M., Sudarmanto, A., & Yusufiyah, H. K. N. (2020). Pengaruh Metode Eksperimen Terhadap Motivasi dan Hasil Belajar Siswa Kelas X pada Materi Gerak Lurus. Physics Education Research Journal, 2(1): 9-18. https://doi.org/10.21580/perj.2020.2.1.3948.
  5. Carnawi, Sudarmin, & N. W. 2017. Application of Project Based Learning (PBL) Model From Materials of Salt Hydrolisis to Encourage Students’ Entrepreneurship Behaviour. International Jurnal of Active Learning, 2(1): 50–58.
  6. Choiro, U. D., A. Rasyad, & S. 2018. Keaktifan Belajar Peserta Didik pada Transfer Pengetahuan Kerajinan Pandai Besi. Jurnal Pendidikan Teori, Penelitian, dan Pengembangan, 3(4): 486–490.
  7. Fariyani, Q. 2019. Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif Jigsaw untuk Meningkatkan Keaktifan dan Hasil Belajar Siswa MTs Kelas VIII. Jurnal Penelitian Pembelajaran Fisika, 10(2): 133–138. https://doi.org/10.26877/jp2f.v10i2.4026.
  8. Fariyani, Q., Mubarok, F. K., Masfu’ah, S., & Syukur, F. (2020). Pedagogical Content Knowledge of Pre-service Physics Teachers. Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Fisika Al-Biruni, 9(1): 99–107. https://doi.org/10.24042/jipfalbiruni.v9i1.3409.
  9. Fitrianingrum, A. M. & Sarwi. 2016. Keefektifan Project Based Learning Berbasis Eksperimen pada Penguasaan Konsep dan Kinerja Siswa SMA. Unnes Physics Education Journal, 5(2): 20–28.
  10. Irfianti, M. D. & S. Khanafiyah 2016. Perkembangan Karakter Peduli Lingkungan melalui Model Experiental Learning. Unnes Physisc Education Journal, 5(3): 72–79.
  11. Julianti, U & Wahyono. 2016. Pengaruh Model Project Based Learning Berbantuan Multimedia terhadap Pemahaman Konsep Siswa pada Materi Tekanan Zat cair di SMPN 18 Palu. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Tadaluko, 4(3): 7–11.
  12. Late, M. N., Sutopo, L. Y. 2017. Peningkatan Pemahaman Konsep Tekanan Hidrostatis dan Hukum Archimedes Siswa SMP Melalui Pembelajaran Dicovery. Jurnal Pendidikan Teori, Penelitian, dan Pengembangan, 2(9): 1215–1219.
  13. Lestari, R. 2011. Analisis Kesalahan dalam Menyelesaikan Soal Faktorisasi Suku Aljabar Pada Siswa Kelas VIII SMP Negeri 1 Jaten Tahun Ajaran 2010/2011. Tesis. Surakarta: UNS.
  14. Martin, M. O. & Mullis, I. 2012. International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) Timss 2011 International Results in Science. Boston: TIMSS & PIRLS International Study Center.
  15. Purwati, S., S. K. Handayanto, & S. Z. 2016. Korelasi Antara Penalaran Ilmiah dan Pemahaman Konsep Siswa pada Materi Usaha dan Energi. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pendidikan IPA Pascasarjana UM. Malang: Universitas Negeri Malang.
  16. Ramadhani, F., S. Santosa, & N. 2013. Upaya Peningkatan Kualitas Pembelajaran Akuntansi Melalui Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Berbasis Proyek (Project Based Learning). Jurnal Pendidikan Universitas Negeri Sebelas Maret, 1(1): 1–12.
  17. Sani, R. 2014. Pembelajaran Saintek untuk Implementasi Kurikulum 2013. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.
  18. Sari, D. N. & Sutikno. 2015. Pengaruh Pembelajaran Berbasis Proyek terhadap Kreatifitas Siswa melalui Elektroskop Sederhana. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Fisika. Jakarta: Univeristas Negeri Jakarta.
  19. Septialamsyah, M. A. 2014. Pengaruh Kecemasan dan Keaktifan Belajar Siswa Terhadap Kemampuan Pemahaman Konsep Melalui Model Pembelajaran Resource Based Learning Materi Prisma dan Limas Kelas VIII SMP Negeri 2 Wiradesa. Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Matematika, 2(2): 57–67.
  20. Slavin, R. E. 2011. Educational Psychology: Theory dan Practice (Sixth). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
  21. Sudjana, N. 2009. Penilaian Hasil Belajar Mengajar. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya.
  22. Sumarni, W., S. Wardani, & Sudarmin. 2016. Project Based Learning (PBL) to Improve Psychomotoric Skills: A classrom Action Research. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 5(2): 157–163.
  23. Sumarni, W. 2015. The Strengths and Weaknesses of the Implementation of Project Based Learning: A Review. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), 4(3): 478–484.
  24. Sunyoung, H., R. & Capraro. 2012. How Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Project Based Learning (PBL) Affect High, Middle, and Low Achievers Differently: The Impact of Student Factors on Achievement. International Journal of Sains and Mathematics Education, 1–20.
  25. Suranti, N. M. Y., Gunawan, & H. S. 2016. Pengaruh Model Project Based Learning Berbantuan Media Virtual terhadap Penguasaan Konsep Peserta Didik pada Materi Alat-alat Optik. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Dan Teknologi, 2(2): 73–79.
  26. Suseno, N. 2014. Pemetaan Analogi Pada Konsep Abstrak Fisika. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika, 1–10.
  27. Suwardi, D. R. 2012. Faktor-faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Hasil Belajar Siswa Kompetensi Dasar Ayat Jurnal Penyesuaian Mata Pelajaran Akuntansi Kelas XI IPS di SMAN 1 BAE. Economic Education Analysis Journal, 1(2): 1–7.
  28. Taslidere, E. & A. E. 2012. The Relative Effetiveness of Integrated Reading Study Strategy and Conceptual Physics Approach. Res Scientific Education, 42: 181–199.
  29. Tsabitah, D. 2016. Peran Kesiapan Belajar dalam Memediasi Pengaruh Kesiapan Belajar dan Fasilitas Belajar terhadap Hasil Belajar Akuntansi. Economic Education Analysis Journal, 5(1): 72–84.
  30. Wibowo, N. 2016. Upaya Peningkatan Keaktifan Siswa Melalui Pembelajaran Berdasarkan Gaya Belajar di SMK Negeri 1 Saptosari. Jurnal Electronic,Informatics, and Vocational Education (ELINVO), 1(2): 128–139.
  31. Wijanarko, A.I. & K.I. Supardi. 2017. Keefektifan Model Project Based Leaarning Terbimbing untuk Meningkatkan Keterampilan Proses Sains dan Hasil Belajar IPA. Journal of Primary Education, 6(2): 120–125.
  32. Winarti, T. 2014. Pembelajaran Praktikum Berorientasi Proyek untuk Meningkatkan Keterampilan Proses Sains dan Pemahaman Konsep. Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan Kimia, 8(2): 1409–1420.
  33. Yulianto, A. & A. Fatchan. 2017. Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Project Based Learning berbasis Lesson Study untuk meningkatkan Keaktifan Belajar Siswa. Jurnal Pendidikan Teori, Penelitian, dan Pengembangan, 2(3): 448–453.

Open Access Copyright (c) 2020 Physics Education Research Journal
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Physics Education Research Journal


Department of Physics Education
Faculty of Science and Technology
Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo
Jln. Prof. Dr. Hamka Kampus II UIN Walisongo Semarang-Indonesia

Flag Counter

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

 Web Analytics Made Easy - StatCounter View My Stats

apps