Dzikrullah Zulkarnain*  -  Ansor Sufi Center, Indonesia

(*) Corresponding Author


This research empasizes on digging the consept of Syat{ah{a<t of Sufis where several tasawuf companion showed their psychological condition up on paradoct position, switces themselves on God position. Then, trought researching on Syat{ah{a<t of Sufis in psychological approach, researcher found several conclusions; i.e. (a) etimologically, Syat}ah}a>t means shaking (al-h}arakah); (b) terminologigally, Syat{ah{a<t of Sufis means any speeches that stranged to be heard by its audience when Sufis reached wajd or wuju>d level. The factors that force the Sufis said Syat{ah{a<t were: (1) the strong emotional feelings and rumbled spiritual extasy (wajd), (2) experiences self unification (ittih}a>d), (3) Sufis are in extacy condition (sakr), (4) Sufis hear the signal of divinity within them who invites self-union, so they positioned himself as God, and (5) they loss of self-consciousness; Additionally, the researchers added the other factors, i.e. (1) the Sufis movement comes from tawa>jud (salat, dhikr, meditation, contemplation, thought) on to the wajd or ecstasy level, (2) when Sufis heart is suddenly controlled by Allah Almighty (wa>rid al-il>ahiyyah), so he was no longer able to control their consciousness, and (3) absence of prejudice that the Sufis are united with God, because when that feeling comes, then they really had split (infisa>l). In other hand, Syat{ah{a<t of Sufis in psychological perspective, this study focused on transpersonal psychology, researchers tried to draw the conclusion that remarks Syat{ah{a<t in grammatical word used is a combination of words which are not common to say by common, because the context is only for Allah. Those unusual utterances are manifestation of Sufis psychology themselves, when saying syat}ah}a>t , Sufis do not realize whatever they have been said.

Keywords: syat}ah}a>t; extasy; psychology; Sufis

  1. Baharuddin, Paradigma Psikologi Islami; Studi Tentang Elemen Psikologi Dari Al- Qur’an, Jogjakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2004.
  2. Ernst, Carl W, Ekspresi Ekstase dalam Sufisme, Yogyakarta: Putra Langit, 2003
  3. Al-Hujwiri, Ali ibn Usman, Kashf al-Mahjoob, translated by. JA. Nicolson, Lahore: Zia-ul-Quran Publication, 2001.
  4. Abbas, Qasim Muh}ammad, Al-H{allaj: I’ma>l al-Ka>milah, Beirut: Riad al-Rayyes Books, 2002
  5. ______, Abu Yazi>d al-Bustami>: al-Majmu>’ah al-S{u>fiyyah al-Ka>milah, Damascus: Al-Mada, 2004.
  6. Al-Badawi>, Abdurrahman, Syat}ah}a>t al-S{u>fiyyah, Kuwait: Walakah al-Mat}bu>’ah, 1960.
  7. Al-Baghdadi>, Ali ibn Anjab, Akhbar al-H{allaj min Andari al-Us}u>l al-Makhtu>ta>t fi> Si>rati al-H{allaj, Damascus: Da>r al-Thali’ah al-Jadi>dah, 1997.
  8. Al-Ghaza>li>, Ihya’ Ulu>m al-Di>n, Kairo: Dar Ihya’ al-Kutub al-Arabiyah, tt.
  9. Al-Randi>, Ibn ‘Ibad Al-Nafazi>, Syarh} al-H{ikam, Kairo: Dar Ihya’ al-Kutub al-‘Arabiyah, tt.
  10. Al-Sulami>, Abu Abdirrahman, al-T{abaqa>t al-S{u>fiyyah, Beirut: Da>r al-Kutub al-Hadisah, 2003.
  11. Al-Tu>si>, Sarraj, Al-Lumma’ fi al-Tas}awwuf, Mesir: Dar al-Kutub al-Hadisah, 1960.

Open Access Copyright (c) 2018 Teosofia: Indonesian Journal of Islamic Mysticism
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Teosofia: Indonesian Journal of Islamic Mysticism
Published by Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Humaniora (The Faculty of Ushuluddin and Humanities) Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang-Indonesia
Jl. Prof. Dr. Hamka KM 1 Ngaliyan Kampus 2, Semarang 50189
Central Java, Indonesia