Quranic Forensic on Begging: Formulating Policies and Action Plans to Handle Street Beggars

Yusuf Hanafi*  -  Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia
M. Alifudin Ikhsan  -  Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia
Tsania Nur Diyana  -  Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia
Zuroidah Zeni Nurushofa  -  Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia

(*) Corresponding Author

Supp. File(s): Research Results Transcripts
Begging behavior is a serious issue and happens on a wide scale, especially in urban areas. In Islamic normative point of view, the Quran has a distinctive perspective towards beggars. In Sura al-Mā‘ūn [107]: 3, Allah swt. encourages Moslem people to pay attention to poor beggars. In contrast, in other verses, al-Jāthiyah [45]: 7, al-Quran criticizes people who are lying for the sake of other’s mercy with a mode and guise of a falsehood. In fact, the begging behavior nowadays is not only caused by the economic problem, but beggars even make it as a preferable profession. The biggest problem in handling the beggar issues is the difficulty to differentiate between the genuine and the professional beggar. If we examine thoroughly using an analysis of the Quran verses, there is a distinctive characteristic of those beggars. These at least can be identified through the micro-expression, sound pressure, and eye tracking. The analysis of the human’s track and physical fact through al-Quran here is what the authors intend as Quran forensic. Based on the distinguishing indicators from the analysis of the Quran forensic, this article found a new model for solving beggar problems with a multidisciplinary approach.

Supplement Files

Keywords: beggar behavior; genuine beggar; professional beggar; Quran forensic

  1. Al-Marāghī, Aḥmad Musṭafa. 1946. Tafsīr Al-Marāghī. Cairo: Musṭafa al-Bāb al-Ḥalabi.
  2. Ash-Shiddieqy, M. Hasbi. 2000. Tafsir Al-Qur’anul Majid an-Nuur. Semarang: Pustaka Rizki Putra.
  3. Detik. 2013. “MUI Sudah Haramkan Memberi Ke Pengemis Di Jalan.” Detik.Com. 2013. https://news.detik.com/berita/d-2314452/-mui-sudah-haramkan-memberi-ke-pengemis-di-jalan.
  4. Ekman, Paul, and Wallace V. Friesen. 1969. “Nonverbal Leakage and Clues to Deception.” Psychiatry Interpersonal and Biological Processes 32 (1): 88–106. https://doi.org/10.1080/00332747.1969.11023575.
  5. Everding, Gerry. 2004. “Research Casts Doubt on Voice-Stress Lie Detection Technology.” The Source - Washington University in St. Louis. 2004. https://source.wustl.edu/2004/02/research-casts-doubt-on-voicestress-lie-detection-technology/.
  6. Guojiang, Wang, Yang Guoliang, and Fu Kechang. 2010. “Facial Expression Recognition Based on Extended Optical Flow Constraint.” In 2010 International Conference on Intelligent Computation Technology and Automation, 297–300. IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICICTA.2010.777.
  7. Kaulard, Kathrin, Douglas W. Cunningham, Heinrich H. Bülthoff, and Christian Wallraven. 2012. “The MPI Facial Expression Database — A Validated Database of Emotional and Conversational Facial Expressions.” Edited by Marc O. Ernst. PLoS ONE 7 (3): e32321. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0032321.
  8. KBBI. 2019. “Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia.” Badan Pengembangan Dan Pembinaan Bahasa. 2019. https://kbbi.kemdikbud.go.id.
  9. Kurniadi, Marselly. 2014. “Are We Still Giving Our Money to Beggars? Prosocial Intention in between of Religion, Emotion, Corruption, and Government Policy Advocacy.” Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, November. https://doi.org/10.5901/mjss.2014.v5n23p1817.
  10. Merriam-Webster. 2016. The Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Massachusetts: Merriam-Webster, Inc.
  11. Mukti, Pramudita Ruh. 2014. “Strategi Pengemis Dalam Hidup Bermasyarakat Di Kota Surabaya.” Journal Universitas Airlangga 3 (1): 1–15.
  12. Nailufar, Nibras Nada. 2017. “Pengemis Berpenghasilan Rp 100.000 Dalam 1 Jam Terjaring Di TMII - Kompas.Com.” Indonesia.
  13. Namwata, Baltazar M.L., and Maseke R. Mgabo. 2014. “Consequences of Begging and Future Aspirations of Beggars to Stop Begging Life in Central Tanzania.” International Research Journal of Human Resources and Social Sciences 1 (4): 176–87.
  14. Namwata, Baltazar M.L., Maseke R Mgabo, and Provident Dimoso. 2012. “Categories of Street Beggars and Factors Influencing Street Begging in Central Tanzania.” African Study Monographs 33 (2): 133–43. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.14989/158998.
  15. Newman, Lucile F. 1999. “Introduction to Qualitative Research Methods: A Guidebook and Resource.” The Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease 187 (9). https://doi.org/10.1097/00005053-199909000-00011.
  16. Onagun, Abdussalam Isiaka. 2016. “Relationship Between Street-Begging and Poverty in Ilorin Emirate, Kwara State, Nigeria.” International Journal of Health Economics and Policy 1 (1). https://doi.org/10.11648/J.HEP.20160101.12.
  17. Prasasi, Cindy Ayu, Lita Tyesta, and Ratna Herawati. 2016. “Pelaksanaan Peraturan Daerah Kota Semarang Nomor 5 Tahun 2014 Tentang Anak Jalanan, Gelandangan Dan Pengemis.” Diponegoro Law Journal 5 (2): 1–15.
  18. Prasetya, Eko. 2016. “Mengemis Modus Tangan Buntung Di Pasfes, Pria Ini Raup Rp 200 Ribu.” Merdeka.Com. 2016. https://www.merdeka.com/jakarta/mengemis-modus-tangan-buntung-di-pasfes-pria-ini-raup-rp-200-ribu.html.
  19. Segal, Elizabeth A., and Stephanie. Brzuzy. 1998. Social Welfare Policy, Programs, and Practice. Adelaide: F.E. Peacock Publishers.
  20. Siregar, Chairil N. 2008. “Analisis Potensi Daerah Pulau-Pulau Terpencil Dalam Rangka Meningkatkan Ketahanan, Keamanan Nasional, Dan Keutuhan Wilayah NKRI Di Nunukan Kalimantan Timur.” Jurnal Sosioteknologi 7 (13): 345–68.
  21. Susanto, Igit Wijaya, and Erga Yuhandra. 2018. “The Authority of The Civil Service Police Unit in Handling Beggars, Vagabonds And Derelicts in Kuningan District, Indonesia.” Unifikasi: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum 5 (2). https://doi.org/10.25134/unifikasi.v5i2.916.
  22. Walczyk, Jeffrey J., Laura L. Harris, Terri K. Duck, and Devyani Mulay. 2014. “A Social-Cognitive Framework for Understanding Serious Lies: Activation-Decision-Construction-Action Theory.” New Ideas in Psychology 34 (August): 22–36. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.NEWIDEAPSYCH.2014.03.001.
  23. Webb, Andrea K., Charles R. Honts, John C. Kircher, Paul Bernhardt, and Anne E. Cook. 2009. “Effectiveness of Pupil Diameter in a Probable-Lie Comparison Question Test for Deception.” Legal and Criminological Psychology 14 (2): 279–92. https://doi.org/10.1348/135532508X398602.
  24. Webster, Merriam. 2019. “Definition of Prosperity by Merriam-Webster.” Merriam-Webster Dictionary. 2019. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/prosperity.
  25. Wu, Ting, Siyao Fu, and Guosheng Yang. 2012. “Survey of the Facial Expression Recognition Research.” In Advances in Brain Inspired Cognitive Systems, edited by Wang Z. Zhang H., Hussain A., Liu D., 392–402. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-31561-9_44.
  26. Yan, Wen-Jing, Qi Wu, Jing Liang, Yu-Hsin Chen, and Xiaolan Fu. 2013. “How Fast Are the Leaked Facial Expressions: The Duration of Micro-Expressions.” Journal of Nonverbal Behavior 37 (4): 217–30. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10919-013-0159-8.

Open Access Copyright (c) 2018 Yusuf Hanafi, M. Alifudin Ikhsan, Tsania Nur Diyana, Zuroidah Zeni Nurushofa
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Institute for Research and Community Services (LP2M)
Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang, Rectorate Building, 3rd Floor
Jl. Prof. Hamka - Kampus 3, Tambakaji Ngaliyan 50185, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia
Email: walisongo@walisongo.ac.id