MUJAHID VERSUS TERORIS

Ilyas Supena*  -  State Islamic University (UIN) Sunan Kalijaga, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

(*) Corresponding Author

War of opinions about the victims of Bali blast in public media was observed in two national newspaper, Republika and Kompas. Although the both newspapers are of national level, but in fact the request to be objective in informing opinions toward all community class and groups is some-thing difficult to achieve. This is based in the idea that every communication action contains any interrest—the more in mass media. In the side of Republika the execution of Amrozi seen as universal humanity problem, meanwhile for Kompas it only seen as local case that is related to the persons involved in the incident. Republika provides enough room for developing the discourse on jihad and terorism in order to build a counter opinion on the news that oftenly offense Amrozi meanwhil Kompas convines it self for not to involve in the discourse of theology.

***

Perang opini tentang korban ledakan Bali di media massa diamati di dua surat kabar nasional, yaitu Republika dan Kompas. Walaupun kedua surat kabar ter­sebut berskala nasional, namun dalam kenyataannya tuntutan untuk obyektif dalam menyampaikan opini kepada masyarakat merupakan hal yang sulit. Ini didasarkan pada gagasan bahwa setiap tindakan komunikasi me­ngandung kepentingan. Di pihak Republika ekskusi Amrozi dipandang sebagai masalah kemanusiaan universal, sementara bagi Kompas ekskusi tersebut hanya dipandang sebagai kasus lokal yang terkait dengan pribadi yang terlibat dalam ke­jadian tersebut. Republika memberikan ruang yang cukup bagi pe­ngembang­an diskursus mengenai jihad dan terorisme dalam rangka untuk membangun opini imbangan terhadap berita-berita yang seringkali menentang Amrozi sementara Kompas membatasi diri untuk tidak masuk ke dalam diskursus teologi.

Keywords: Republika; Kompas; bom Bali; Amrozi; counter pendapat

  1. Berger, Arthur Asa, Media Analysis Techniques. California: Sage Publication, 1982.
  2. Berger, Arthur Asa, Tanda-tanda dalam Kebudayaan Kontemporer (terjemahan). Yogya¬karta: Tiara Wacana, 2000.
  3. Bignell, Jonathan, Media Semiotics, an Introduction, London: Manchaster University Press, 2001.
  4. Chomsky, Noam dan Edward S. Herman, Manufacturing Consent: The Political Economy of the Mass Media, New York: Pantheon, 1988.
  5. Currant, James and Michael Gurevitch, Mass Media and Society, London: Edward Arnold, 1991.
  6. Carey, James W., Communication as Culture, Essays on Media and Society, Boston: Unwin Hyman, 1989.
  7. Crowly, David dan David Mitchell, Communication Theory Today, Cambridge: Policy Press, 1994.
  8. Denzin, Norman K dan Yvonna S. Lincoln, Handbook of Qualitative Research, London: Sage Publication, 2005.
  9. Dijk, Teun A. Van, News As Discourse, Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associate, 1988.
  10. Eriyanto, Analisis Wacana: Pengantar Analisa Teks Media, Yogyakarta: LKIS, 2001.
  11. Fairclough, Norman, Discourse and Social Change, Cambridge: Polity Press, 2006.
  12. Fairclough, Norman, Analysing Discourse, Textual Analysis for Social Research, London and New York: Routledge, 2005.
  13. Foss, Sonja K, at.al, Contemporary Perspectives on Rethoric, Illinois: Waveland, 1985.
  14. Fiske, John, Introduction of Communication Studies. London: Routledge, 1991.
  15. Gee, James Paul, An Introduction to Discourse Discourse Analysis, Theory and Method, London and New York: Routledge, 2005.
  16. Gamson, Willam A dan Andre Modigliani, “Media Discourse and Public Opinion on Nuclear Power A. Constructionist Approach,” Journal of Sociology, Vol. 95, No. 1. July 1989.
  17. Griffin, EM., A First Look at Communication Theory, Boston-Toronto: McGraw Hill, 2003.
  18. Guba, Egon. G, The Paradigm Dialog, New York: Sage Books, 1990.
  19. Hall, Stuart, Culture, Media dan Language, London: Routledge, 1992.
  20. Hardiman, Budi Francisco, Kritik Ideologi: Pertautan Pengetahuan dan Kepentingan, Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 1990.
  21. Halliday, MAK, Language as Social Semiotic, The Social Interpretation of Language and Meaning, London: The Open University Set Book, 1993.
  22. Hamad, Ibnu, Konstruksi Realitas Politik di Media Massa sebuah Study Critical Discourse Analysis Discourse, Jakarta: Granit, . 2004.
  23. Heath, Robert L dan Jannings Bryant, Human Communication Theory and Research, Concepts, Contexts, and Challenges, Mahwah, New Jersey – London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associate Publisher, 2000.
  24. Krippendorf, Klauss, Content Analysis, An Introduction to Its Methodolgy, Beverly Hill California: Sage Publication, 1980.
  25. Kolakowski, Leszek, Main Currents of Marxisme III. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1978.
  26. Latif, Yid dan Idi Subandy Ibrahim (eds)., Bahasa dan Kekuasaan: Politik Wacana di Panggung Orde Baru. Jakarta: Mizan, 1996.
  27. Littlejohn, Stephen, Theories of Human Communication, California: Wadsworth Publishing Company, 2002.
  28. Lull, James, Media, Komunikasi, Kebudayaan; Suatu Pendekatan Global, Jakarta: YOI, 1998.
  29. Littlejohn, Stephen W, Theories of Human Communication, Belmont-Toronto: Wadsworth Publishing Company, 1999.
  30. McQuail, Dennis and Sven Windahl, Communication Models: for The Study of Mass Communication, New York: Longman, 1996.
  31. Magnis-Suseno, Franz, Filsafat sebagai Ilmu Kritis. Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 1992.
  32. Magnis-Suseno, Franz, Etika Politik: Prinsip-prinsip Moral dan Dasar Kenegaraan Modern, Jakarta: Gramedia, 1991.
  33. Mannheim, Karl, Ideology dan Uthopia. An Introduction to the Sociology of Knowledge, London: Routledge, 1979.
  34. Mcdonnell, Diane, Theories of Discourse: An Introduction, Oxford: Basil Blackwall, 1986.
  35. Mcquail, Dennis (ed), McQuail’s Reader in Mass Communication Theory, London: Sage Publications, 2002.
  36. Neuman, Lawrence W. Social Research Methods. London:Allyn and Bacon, 2000.
  37. Norris, Sigrid dan Rodney H. Jones, Discourse in Action, London and New York: Routledge, 2005,
  38. Raboy, Marc dan Bernard Dagenais (eds)., Media, Crisis and Democracy: Mass Communication and the Disruption of Social Order, London: Sage Publication, 1995.
  39. Reese, Stephen D,. Framing Public Life, New Jersey: Lawrence Earlbaum Publisher, 2001.
  40. Riggins, Stephen H, The Language and Politics of Exclusion: Others in Discourse, London: Sage Publication, 1997.
  41. Rogers, Everett. M, A History of Communication Study, New York: The Free Press, 1994.
  42. Schiffrin, Deborah at.al, (ed.), The Handbook of Discourse Analysis. Blackwell Publishing, 2005.
  43. Sobur, Alex, Analisis Teks Media, Suatu Pengantar Analisis Wacana, Analisis Semiotik, dan Analisis Framing, Bandung: Rosdakarya, 2001.
  44. Saverin, Werner, Communication Theories: Origins, Methods and Uses in the Mass Media. New York:Longman, 1997.
  45. Sen, Krishna dan David T. Hill, Media, Budaya dan Politik di Indonesia, Jakarta: PT Media Lintas Inti Nusantara, 2001.
  46. Titscher, Stefan, at.al., Methods of Text and Discourse Analysis, London-Thousand Oaks-New Delhi: Sage Publication, 2000.
  47. Vatikionis, Michail R.J. Indonesian Politics under Soeharto, Order, Development and Pressure for Change, New York: Routledge, 1993.

Open Access Copyright (c) 2016 Walisongo: Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Walisongo: Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan
ISSN 0852-7172 (p) 2461-064X (e)

Publisher:
Institute for Research and Community Services (LP2M)
Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang, Rectorate Building, 3rd Floor
Jl. Prof. Hamka - Kampus 3, Tambakaji Ngaliyan 50185, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia
Email: walisongo@walisongo.ac.id


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a 
Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License 

View My Stats

apps