The Implementation of Ijtihād Jamā'iy in MUI's Fatwa Commission

Moh. Bahrudin*  -  Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung, Indonesia
Tulus Suryanto    -  (Scopus ID 57191504347) Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung, Indonesia
Mohd Mizan bin Mohammad Aslam  -  (Scopus ID 57220065388) Naif Arab University for Security Sciences (NAUSS), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

(*) Corresponding Author
The Holy Quran and Sunnah contain universal values that require correct reasoning to be understood and applied by the Muslims. In this context, the scholars have been justified by Allah Almighty to undertake the ijtihād and ijmā’. This study aims to describe the ijtihād jamā’iy (collective ijtihād theory), as well as to analyze the imple­mentation of ijtihād jamā’iy at MUI’s Fatwa Commission in Lampung. This study is a combination of literature and field research. The data were obtained through literature studies of books, articles, and journals in related issues. Besides, the authors also interviewed MUI members to gain deeper information. Theoretically, the contemporary ijmā’ process can be pursued by an independent forum to conduct studies until a consensus is obtained from the majority of the participants. The panel must involve all religious elements in a representative manner. The practice of establishing Islamic law carried out by MUI’s Fatwa Commission of Lampung Province is in accordance with the concept of ijtihād jamā’iy in the science of uṣūl fiqh. This analysis is important so that people have a high level of compliance after knowing that the MUI Lampung fatwa is ijma, which in fact is one of the sources of Islamic law.

Keywords : fatwa; ijtihād jamā'iy; MUI

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