Peran Syukur sebagai Moderator Pengaruh Perbandingan Sosial terhadap Self-esteem pada Remaja Pengguna Media Sosial

Johan Satria Putra


Adolescents consistently compare themselves with others they see on social media. This habit can bring up in them a sense of envy or inferiority, which then can lead to a decrease in self-esteem. Therefore, it is necessary to have aspects that can increase their confidence and optimism, including in term of spirituality, their sense of gratitude. The purpose of this study was to see the role of gratitude as moderating variable in the influence of social comparison on the self-esteem of social media adolescent users. The research was conducted using social comparison scale of Iowa-Netherlands Comparison Orien­tation Scale (INCOM), gratitude scale, and self-esteem state scale, which were distributed to 200 social media adolescent users in DKI Jakarta, were involved through incidental sampling. The results of data analysis showed that there was a significant role of gratitude in influencing social comparison to change these participants’ self-esteem. The sense of gratitude served to increase these adolescents’ self-esteem, which previously decreased as a result of social comparison. This study had a number of weaknesses in the use of the instruments, especially the social comparison scale. Any similar study in the future is expected to focus more on one kind of social media.


adolescent; self-esteem; social comparison; social media

Full Text:



Al-Banjari, R. R. (2014). Ajaibnya syukur atasi semua masalah. Yogyakarta: Sabil.

Baron, R. A., & Byrne, D. R. (2004). Psikologi sosial. (R. Djuwita, Ed.) (10th ed.). Jakarta: Erlangga.

Baumeister, R. F., & Finkel, E. J. (2010). Advanced social psychology: The state of the science. New York: Oxford University Press.

Chen, L. H., & Wu, C. H. (2014). Gratitude enhances change in athletes’ self-esteem: The moderating role of trust in coach. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 26(3), 349–362. 10413200.2014.889255

Damian, R. I., & Robins, R. W. (2010). Self-esteem across the lifespan: Issues and interventions. (Mary H. Guindon, Ed.). New York, NY: Routledge.

Emmons, R. A., & McCullough, M. E. (2012). The psychology of gratitude. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press.

Fardouly, J., Diedrichs, P. C., Vartanian, L. R., & Halliwell, E. (2015). Social comparisons on social media: The impact of Facebook on young women’s body image concerns and mood. Body Image, 13, 38–45.

Fernandez, S., & Pritchard, M. (2012). Relationships between self-esteem, media influence and drive for thinness. Eating Behaviors, 13(4), 321–325.

Gonzales, A. L., & Hancock, J. T. (2011). Mirror, mirror on my Facebook wall: Effects of exposure to Facebook on self-esteem. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 14(1–2), 79–83.

Hadi, S. (2015). Metodologi riset. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Hartono. (2013). SPSS 16.0, Analisis data statistika dan penelitian. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Heatherton, T. F., & Polivy, J. (1991). Development and validation of a scale for measuring state self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60(6), 895–910.

Herring, S. C., & Kapidzic, S. (2015). Teens, gender, and self-presentation in social media. International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition, 146–152. 10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.64108-9

Hidayat, M. W. (2016). 3 Media sosial favorit pengguna internet Indonesia. Retrieved from

Jalaluddin. (2009). Psikologi agama. Jakarta: RajaGrafindo.

Kashdan, T. B., Uswatte, G., & Julian, T. (2006). Gratitude and hedonic and eudaimonic well-being in Vietnam war veterans. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 44(2), 177–199. 10.1016/j.brat.2005.01.005

Kernis, M. H. (2013). Self-esteem issues and answers: A sourcebook of current perspectives. New York, NY: Psychology Press.

Kong, F., Ding, K., & Zhao, J. (2015). The relationships among gratitude, self-esteem, social support and life satisfaction among undergraduate students. Journal of Happiness Studies, 16(2), 477–489.

Krasnova, H., Wenninger, H., Widjaja, T., & Buxmann, P. (2013). Envy on facebook: A hidden threat to users’life satisfaction? In 11th International Conference on Wirtschaftsinformatik. Leipzig, Germany. Retrieved from’-Life-Krasnova-Wenninger/b775840d43f9f93b7a9031449f809c388f342291?navId=citing-papers

Lee, S. Y. (2014). How do people compare themselves with others on social network sites?: The case of Facebook. Computers in Human Behavior, 32, 253–260.

Lopez, S. J., & Snyder, C. R. (Eds.). (2012). The Oxford handbook of positive psychology. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Manfaat sikap bersyukur untuk kesehatan remaja. (2012). Retrieved from https://www.beritasatu. com/keluarga/64477-manfaat-sikap-bersyukur-untuk-kesehatan-remaja.html

Putra, J. S. (2016). Penerimaan diri dan kebersyukuran pada mahasiswa: Studi pada mahasiswa FISIP Universitas Islam “45” Bekasi. In Prosiding Seminar Nasional Unisma Bekasi (Vol. 20 Januari, pp. 373–386).

Roesma, J., & Mulya, N. (2018). Media sosialita, eksis narsis jadi daring darling. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka.

Santrock, J. W. (2003). Adolesence, perkembangan remaja. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Schneider, S. M., & Schupp, J. (2014). Individual differences in social comparison and its consequences for life satisfaction: Introducing a short scale of the Iowa–Netherlands Comparison Orientation Measure. Social Indicators Research, 115(2), 767–789.

Srivastava, S., McGonigal, K. M., Richards, J. M., Butler, E. A., & Gross, J. J. (2006). Optimism in close relationships: How seeing things in a positive light makes them so. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 91(1), 143–153.

Steiger, A. E., Allemand, M., Robins, R. W., & Fend, H. A. (2014). Low and decreasing self-esteem during adolescence predict adult depression two decades later. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 106(2), 325–338.

Taylor, S. E. (1998). The social being in social psychology. In D. T. Gilbert, S. T. Fiske, & G. Lindzey (Eds.), The handbook of social psychology. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Trzesniewski, K. H., Donnellan, M. B., Moffitt, T. E., Robins, R. W., Poulton, R., & Caspi, A. (2006). Low self-esteem during adolescence predicts poor health, criminal behavior, and limited economic prospects during adulthood. Developmental Psychology, 42(2), 381–390. 10.1037/0012-1649.42.2.381

Utami, N. M. S. N. (2013). Hubungan antara dukungan sosial keluarga dengan penerimaan diri individu yang mengalami asma. Jurnal Psikologi Udayana, 1(1), 12–21.

Vogel, E. A., Rose, J. P., Okdie, B. M., Eckles, K., & Franz, B. (2015). Who compares and despairs? The effect of social comparison orientation on social media use and its outcomes. Personality and Individual Differences, 86, 249–256.

Vogel, E. A., Rose, J. P., Roberts, L. R., & Eckles, K. (2014). Social comparison, social media, and self-esteem. Psychology of Popular Media Culture, 3(4), 206–222.

Widiartanto, Y. H. (2016). 2016, Pengguna internet di Indonesia capai 132 juta. Retrieved from



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Psikohumaniora: Jurnal Penelitian Psikologi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Psikohumaniora: Jurnal Penelitian Psikologi
Program Studi Psikologi, Fakultas Psikologi dan Kesehatan (FPK)
Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang
Prof. Dr. HAMKA St., KM 2nd. Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia