DEPICTION OF COMMON ENEMIES IN RELIGIOUS SPEECH: THE ROLE OF THE RHETORIC OF IDENTIFICATION AND PURIFICATION IN INDONESIAN RELIGIOUS CONFLICTS

Peter Suwarno

Abstract


The role of common enemies in speech on religious issues have contributed to religious tension, conflict and even violence in Indonesia. It will select the most representative and most frequently used key terms from religiously related speeches and other texts containing the portrayal of common enemies. Using Burke’s theories of identification, this paper will explain the important roles of common enemies in group unity and in achieving certain objectives.

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Peran musuh bersama dalam ceramah-ceramah agama telah memberikan kontri­busi untuk timbulnya tekanan, konflik, dan kekerasan di Indonesia. Bahan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah istilah-istilah kunci yang sering digunakan dalam ceramah maupun teks yang menggambarkan musuh bersama. Dengan menggunakan teori identifikasi dari Burke, tulisan ini akan menjelaskan peran penting musuh bersama dalam kesatuan kelompok dan dalam rangka mencapai tujuan tertentu.

Keywords


common enemy; religious speech; tense; conflict; violence

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References


Burke, Kenneth, A Rhetoric of Motive, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1969. (Original work published 1950).

Burke, Kenneth, The Rhetoric of Religion: Studies in Logology, Berkeley, CA: The University of California Press, 1970.

Burke, Kenneth, The Philosophy of Literary Form: Studies in Symbolic Action (3rd Ed). Berkeley, CA: The University of California Press, 1973.

Cavanaugh, William T., The Myth of Religious Violence, New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Cheney, George, “The Rhetoric of Identification and the Study of Organizational Communication,” Quarterly Journal of Speech, 69, 1983, pp.143-158.

Wahid, Abdurrahman, An Illusion of Islamic State: Expansion of Transnational Islamic Movement in Indonesia, Jakarta: Wahid Institute, 2009. E-book: http://www.libforall.org/media/press-releases/Illusion-of-an-Islamic-State- English-Excerpts.pdf.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21580/ws.21.1.234

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