Synthesis and Characterization of Cassava Shell Based Biodegradable Plastic with Kitosan Addition

Supriyono Supriyono*  -  Department of Physics Education, Faculty of Science and Technology,Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia
Hamdan Hadi Kusuma  -  Department of Physics Education, Faculty of Science and Technology,Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia
Mulyatun Mulyatun  -  Department of Chemistry Education, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia
Biaunik Niski Kumila  -  Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo, Seamrang, Central Java

(*) Corresponding Author

Wasted-plastic which is a hardly-decomposed material was one of the major problems of trash-recycling management in Indonesia. Replacing a common plastic with biodegradable plastic was one of the solution to reduce the amount of undecomposed-materials in the enviroment. Therefore, the aim of this resarch is to study how to synthesis cassava shell based biodegradable plastic and to analyse the effect of kitosan addition on cassava shell based biodegradable plastic properties. There are three basic characterization processes performed to analyse the sample properties, i.e mechanical test, FTIR and biodegradability test. Kitosan enhanced the mechanical and biodegradability properties of samples. The elongation-percentage decreased down to 8,57% along with the increasing the amount of kitosan concentration. FTIR data indicated the presence of O-H, N-H, C-H, C=C, NO2 and C-O organic functional group on biodegradable plastic samples. Kitosan reduce the decomposition process of samples due to its hydrophilicity. Sample with highest concentration of kitosan decomposed at the longest time up to 14 days. . ©2017 JNSMR UIN Walisongo. All rights reserved.

Keywords : Palstic; Biodegradable; Citosan

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Open Access Copyright (c) 2017 Journal Of Natural Sciences And Mathematics Research

Economica: Jurnal Ekonomi Islam
Published by Faculty of Sciences and Technology UIN Walisongo Semarang
Jl Prof. Dr. Hamka Kampus III Ngaliyan Semarang 50185
Phone: +62 81225797962
Website: https://journal.walisongo.ac.id/index.php/JNSMR
Email:jnsmr@walisongo.ac.id

ISSN: 2614-6487 (Print)
ISSN: 2460-4453 (Online)

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

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