The Abuse of Sympathetic Power to Counter Hegemony

S. Andika Cahya Ari Wibowo

Abstract


Sympathy may be generally defined as a support given to other who is believed that he/she is undeservedly suffering or misfortune. Identical to the positive notion of ‘support’, the practice of sympathy in the society portrays deviating purpose. Powerless can effectively appeal to the sympathy of their counterparts for their own strategic gain, and more specifically, that this powerless individuals can leverage their weaknesses through the strategic use of sympathy in order to mitigate the disadvantages of lacking power. This powerless strategy may even be used to maintain their relation with the powerful. It calls sympathy as means of resistance. These phenomena will be noted as the abuse of sympathetic power. This article is intended to explore the practice of sympathetic power to counter hegemony. It attempts to portray the sympathetic power’s potency as means of resistance to counter hegemony. The area of inquiry constricted into the specified context of Minah’s Cocoa Beans Stealing Case in 2009. The study will be conducted by combining Fairclough’s CDA model with Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL), particularly by considering interpersonal metafunction proposed by Halliday. Based on the analysis, Minah appeals sympathy by exposing her innocence and all the characteristics that she naturally possess. She was able to influence court decision to set her free even all the evidences prove her for commiting the crime of stealing.

Keywords


Sympathy, Counter-Hegemony, Power

Full Text:

PDF

References


Antoniades, Andreas. 2008. From ‘Theories of Hegemony’ to ‘Hegemony

Analysis’ In International Relations. http://sro.sussex.ac.uk. Downloaded on 10th February 2018.

Balan, Sergiu. 1999. M. Foucault’s View on Power Relations. http://cogito.ucdc.ro. Downloaded on 15th January 2017

Buss, Arnold. 2015. Social Behavior and Personality. New York: Psychology Press.

Clark, Candace. 2011. Sympathy Biography and Sympathy Margin. https:// campus.fsu.edu. Downloaded on 15th January 2017

Decety, Jean & Thierry Chaminade. 2003. Neural correlates of feeling sympathy. http://thirdworld.nl/neural-correlates-of-feeling-sympathy. Downloaded on 15th January 2017

Dijk, T.A. van. 1995a. Discourse Analysis as Ideology Analysis, in C. Schäffner and A.L. Wenden (eds.) Language and Peace, pp. 17–33. Aldershot: Dartmouth.

Dijk, T.A. van. 1995b. Discourse semantics and ideology, Discourse and Society 6(2): 243–59.

Dovidio, John F., Jane A. Piliavin, David A. Schroeder & Louis A. Penner. 2012. The Social Psychology of Prosocial Behavior. New York: Psychology Press.

Fairclough, N. 1992. Discourse and Social Change. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Fairclough, N. 1995a. Media Discourse. London: Edward Arnold.

Ives, Peter. 2004. Language and Hegemony in Gramsci. http://www. mercaba.org. Downloaded on 10th December 2016

Klein, Reisa. 2014. Beauty Marks: Counter-hegemonic Power of the Body?. A thesis submitted to the Faculty of Graduate and Postdoctoral Affairs of Carleton University Ottawa, Ontario. https://curve.carleton.ca/.../klein-beautymarkscounterhegemonic power ofthebody.pdf. Downloaded on 10th December 2016

Martin, J.R. and D. Rose. 2003. Working with Discourse; Meaning beyond the Clause. Sydney: Copyright JR Martin and David Rose.

Oktavianti, Ikmi Nur. 2008. A Comparative Study of Language, Power and Ideology In Insert Investigasi And Silet Infotainment Programs A Study of Critical Discourse Analysis. Thesis. Brawijaya University. http://www.scribd.com/doc/70556586 /24890829 -Thesis-on-Critical-Discourse-Analysis. Retrieved on 8th April 2013.

Piston, Spencer C. 2014. Sympathy for the Poor, Resentment of the Rich, and their Political Consequences. A dissertation. University of Michigan. https://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/handle/2027.42/109000. Downloaded on 10th February 2018.

Shirako, Aiwa. 2011. Power to the Powerless: Interpersonal Influence through Sympathy Appeals. A dissertation. University of California, Berkeley. http://digitalassets.lib.berkeley.edu. Downloaded on 10th February 2018.

Sverdlik, Steven. 2008. "Compassion and Sympathy as Moral Motivation". Occasional Papers. 3. http://scholar.smu.edu/centers_maguireethics_occasional/3. Downloaded on 10th February 2018.

Titscher, Stefan; Michael Meyer; Ruth Wodak; & Vetter Eva. 2000. Methods of Text and Discourse Analysis. London [u.a.]: SAGE Publications, 2000. [Standort: Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek, Signatur: A 2000/11023]. Retrieved on 25th March 2013.

Warsono.2007. A Critical Discourse Analysis To Unmask The Ideological Stance Behind “Al-Qaeda In The Asia Pacific: Origin, Capability, And Threat”. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation. Unnes.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21580/vjv7i12736

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Vision: Journal for Language and Foreign Language Learning


Indexed by

Copyright © 2017 Vision: Journal for Language and Foreign Language Learning, ISSN: 2252-8385 (p) 2541-4399 (e)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

View My Stats