Insights on mother’s subjective well-being: The influence of emotion regulation, mindfulness, and gratitude

Idi Warsah*    -  Islamic Education Department, Faculty of Tarbiyah, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Curup, Curup, Indonesia
M. Rikza Chamami    -  Department of Islamic Education Management, Faculty of Education and Teacher Training, Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang, Semarang, Indonesia
Endang Prastuti    -  Department of Psychology Education, Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, Indonesia
Ruly Morganna    -  English Education Department, Faculty of Tarbiyah, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Curup, Curup, Indonesia
Mirza Muchammad Iqbal    -  Department of Research Method of Psychological Science, Faculty of Psychology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom

(*) Corresponding Author
Adaptation theory explains that mothers’ subjective well-being (SWB) is determined by their abilities to adapt to challenging life events using coping mechanisms. The literature highlights three latent coping mechanism factors: emotional regulation, mindfulness, and gratitude. This study aims to build a model of mothers’ SWB based on these factors. The sample comprised 302 young mothers (20-25 years old) selected using convenience sampling. Data were solicited from Likert scales that measured emotion regulation, mindfulness, gratitude, and SWB and analyzed using structural equation modeling. The results show that the SWB model had adequate goodness of fit, with a chi-square of 153.553 (p < .05), GFI of .934, AGFI of .899, CFI of .929, TLI of .906, and RMSEA of .076. The model shows that emotion regulation and mindfulness, mediated by gratitude, influenced SWB, with gratitude as a strong predictor of SWB. As an implication in counseling, gratitude interventions should be applied in practice.

Keywords: emotion regulation; gratitude; mindfulness; subjective well-being model; young mothers

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