The mediating effect of group identity and religious fundamentalism on the association of intergroup contact with prejudice

Sulistio Sulistio*  -  Faculty of Da'wah and Communication, Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo, Semarang; Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
Suryanto Suryanto  -  (Scopus ID 57200603501) Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
Abdullah Hadziq  -  Faculty of Ushuluddin and Humanities, Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo, Semarang, Indonesia
Sefa Bulut  -  (Scopus ID 7003567505) Faculty of Educational Sciences Ibn Haldun University, Istanbul, Turkey

(*) Corresponding Author

Contact between groups continues to be recognized as a variable that affects prejudice. The effectiveness of the impact of such contacts on prejudice is influenced by other variables, according to the characteristics of the group. This study aims to determine the effect of group identity mediation and religious funda­mentalism on the influence of intergroup contact on the prejudice of transnational Islamic groups against moderate Islamic ones. The research subjects were selected randomly from 365 members of Jama’ah Tabligh, a transnational Islamic group in Semarang, Indonesia. The research data collection used the scales of prejudice, intergroup contact, group identity, and religious fundamentalism, while the data analysis employed structural equation modeling (SEM). The results show that group identity and religious fundamentalism have a mediating effect on intergroup contact's impact on the prejudice of transnational Islamic groups against moderate ones. This research's theoretical implication is that the extent of the influence of intergroup contacts on prejudice is affected by group identity and religious funda­mentalism as mediating variables.

Keywords : group identity; intergroup contact; prejudice; religious fundamentalism

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