Nilai Sense of Community pada Kesejahteraan Psikologis dalam Menghuni (Housing Well-being): Studi Meta-analisis

Intan Rahmawati

Abstract


Abstract: Well-being appreciates as a holistic unity of one's potential and a state where individuals can receive strengths and weaknesses, have a purpose in life, develop positive relationships that lead to personal growth wherever individuals are, especially in their neighborhoods. The shelter that spawned a housing well-being that looked at the potential benefits optimally could be likened to where he/she lived. Housing well-being requires reflective and formative as a benchmark to assess the welfare of individuals in their dwellings. Formative indicators point to the evaluation of the satisfaction of residential features, while reflective indicators look at the gap between expectations and existing in the neighborhood, one of which is in the neighboring neighborhoods that are part of the residential community. Sense of community is an early stage in the individual to see the community. Based on the map of existing research results in terms of residential satisfaction. The study used this meta-analysis strategy to examine the results of previous research on the consistency between the sense of community in shaping housing welfare. This meta-analysis study resulted that a sense of community contributing to housing welfare.

Abstrak: Kesejahteraan psikologis dijelaskan sebagai suatu pencapaian yang holistik dari potensi psikologis seseorang dan suatu keadaan ketika individu dapat menerima kekuatan maupun kelemahan, memiliki tujuan hidup, mengembangkan relasi positif yang bermuara pada pertumbuhan pribadi dimanapun individu berada, terlebih dalam lingkungan tinggal­nya. Konsep kesejahteraan psikologis inipun berkembang dalam lingkup hunian yang mencetuskan perspektif kesejahteraan psikologis dalam menghuni (housing well-being) yang memandang pada pencapaian potensi secara optimal beserta fungsi psikologis positif seseorang terhadap tempat tinggalnya. Pada indikatornya, housing well-being mensyaratkan reflektif dan formatif sebagai tolak ukur untuk menilai kesejahteraan psikologis individu pada huniannya. Indikator formatif menunjuk pada evaluasi kepuasan menyeluruh fitur hunian, sementara indikator reflektif melihat pada senjang antara harapan dan kenyataan yang ada di lingkungan tinggal, salah satunya adalah kepuasan dalam bertetangga yang merupakan bagian dari komunitas tinggal. Sense of community merupakan tahap awal dalam diri  individu  untuk  melihat  komunitasnya.  Berdasarkan peta penelitian  diperoleh  hasil bahwa terdapat peran sense of community dalam housing well-being. Penelitian yang meng­gunakan strategi meta-analisa ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji hasil-hasil penelitian yang telah dilakukan peneliti sebelumnya tentang kekonsistenan antara sense of community dalam membentuk housing well-being. Studi meta-analisis ini menghasilkan bahwa sense of community memberikan kontribusi terhadap housing well-being.


Keywords


sense of community; housing well-being; meta-analysis

Full Text:

PDF

References


Brodsky, A. E., & Marx, C. M. (2001). Layers of identity: Multiple psychological senses of community within a community setting. Journal of Community Psychology, 29(2), 161–178. https://doi.org/10.1002/1520-6629(200103)29:2<161::AID-JCOP1011>3.0.CO;2-1

Chavis, D. M., & Pretty, G. M. H. (1999). Sense of community: Advances in measurement and application. Journal of Community Psychology, 27(6), 635–642. https://doi.org/ 10.1002/(SICI)1520-6629(199911)27:6<635::AID-JCOP1>3.0.CO;2-F

Chavis, D. M., & Wandersman, A. (1990). Sense of community in the urban environment: A catalyst for participation and community development. American Journal of Community Psychology, 18(1), 55–81. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00922689

Diener, E., Lucas, R. E., & Scollon, C. N. (2006). Beyond the hedonic treadmill: revising the adaptation theory of well-being. In The Science of Well-Being (103–118). Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-2350-6_5

Diener, E., Lucas, R. E., Shimmack, U. E., & Helliwell. (2009). Well-being for public policy. New York: Oxford University Press.

Hagerty, M. R., & Veenhoven, R. (2003). Wealth and happiness revisited–growing national income does go with greater happiness. Social Indicators Research, 64(1), 1–27. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1024790530822

Inserhart, M. W., & Spangle, M. (2000). Collaborative approaches to resolving conflict. London: Sage Publication.

Kahlmeier, S., Schindler, C., Grize, L., & Braun-Fahrländer, C. (2001). Perceived environmental housing quality and well-being of movers. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 55(10), 708–715. https://doi.org/10.1136/jech.55.10.708

Kennedy-Hendricks, A., Schwartz, H. L., Griffin, B. A., Burkhauser, S., Green, H. D., Kennedy, D. P., & Pollack, C. E. (2015). Health implications of social networks for children living in public housing. Health & Place, 36(Supplement C), 145–151. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2015.11.001

Kumar, P., & Reddy, B. S. (2007). Ecology and human well-being. Sage Publication India Pvt Ltd.

Luhman, N. (1995). Social systems. Stanford: Standford Univerisity Press.

McNeely, J. (1999). Community building. Journal of Community Psychology, 27(6), 741–750. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1520-6629(199911)27:6<74: AID-JCOP8>3.0.CO;2-V

Oswald, A. J. (1997). Happiness and economic performance. The Economic Journal, 107(445), 1815–1831. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0297.1997.tb00085.x

Ryan, R. M., & Deci, and E. L. (2001). On happiness and human potentials: A review of research on hedonic and eudaimonic well-being. Annual Review of Psychology, 52(1), 141–166. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.52.1.141

Weidemann, S., & Anderson, J. R. (1985). A conceptual framework for residential satisfaction. In I. Altman and C.H. Werner, (Eds.). In Home environment. New York: Plenum Press.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21580/pjpp.v2i1.952

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Psikohumaniora: Jurnal Penelitian Psikologi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

Psikohumaniora: Jurnal Penelitian Psikologi
Program Studi Psikologi, Fakultas Psikologi dan Kesehatan (FPK)
Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang
Jl. Prof. Dr. HAMKA, KM 2 Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia
 

PSIKOHUMANIORA'S
VISITOR STATISTIC