Vocational Teachers Challenges in Developing Their Professional Competence in Indramayu

Indra Yoga Prawiro


As ESP teachers, the teachers are always forced to maintain their knowledge because the development of specific knowledge is changing very fast. The teachers should progressively develop their competence because it will influence the goal of teaching (Latha, 2014). This study focuses on investigating the kinds of challenges that have faced by vocational teachers in developing their professional competence. The research design of this study is a case study. The participants of this study were five vocational teachers who have been teaching in Vocational Schools in Indramayu at least for about two years. The writer used a semi-structured interview to collect the data. The data from the meeting were transcribed and analyzed qualitatively. The result showed that there are three main challenges in developing professional competence. Those challenges are the availability of seminars and workshops in their city, the less support from the institution, and the lack of facilities and infrastructure.


Professional Competence Development

Full Text:



Ahmed, M. K. (2014). The ESP Teacher: Issues, Tasks and Challenges. English for Specific Purposes World, Issue 42, Vol. 15, 2014. Retrieved from http://www.esp-world.info/Articles_42/Documents/Ahmed.pdf.

Alfehaid, A. F. T. (2011). Developing an ESP curriculum for students of health sciences through needs analysis and course evaluation in Saudi Arabia. (Doctoral dissertation), University of Leicester.

Barinto. (2012). Hubungan antara kompetensi guru dan supervisi akademik dengan kinerja guru SMP Negeri se kecamatan Percut Sei Tuan. Journal Tabularasa PPS UNIMED, 201-214.http://digilib.unimed.ac.id/687/1/Fulltext.pdf.

Basturkmen, H. (2010). Developing Course in English for Specific Purposes. Hampshire: Palgrave Mcmillan.

Crick, R. D. (2008). Key Competencies for Education in a European Context: Narratives of Accountability or Care.European Educational Research Journal, 7(3), 311–318. https://doi.org/10.2304/eerj.2008.7.3.311.

Di Gropello, E. (2013). Role of the education and training sector in addressing skill mismatch in Indonesia, 236-266 in D. Suryadarma and G.W.Jones (eds.), Education in Indonesia, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore.

Duff, A. P. (2008). Case Study Research in Applied Linguistics. New York: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Hanushek, E. A., & Rivkin, S. G. (2006). Teacher Quality. In E. A. Hanushek and F. Welch (EDS.), Handbook of the Economics of Education (Vol. 2, pp). 1051-1078. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier.

Jamal, M. (2009). Seven teacher competence fun and professional. Jogjakarta: Powerbooks.

Jensen, L. (2001). Lesson Planning. in Teaching English as a second and foreign language.in M. Celce-Murcia (Ed.) Teaching English as a second or foreign language. Boston: Heinle & Heinle.

Latha, B. M. (2014). Teacher Education and ESP. International Journal of Research in Humanities, Arts and Literature.Vol. 2, Issue 4, Apr 2014, 73-82. Retrieved from file:///C:/Users/USER/Downloads/2-11-1396405208-10.%20Humanities-TEACHER%20EDUCATION%20AND%20ESP-B.%20Madhavi%20Latha.pdf

Liakopoulou, M. (2011).The Professional Competence of Teachers: Which qualities, attitudes, skills, and knowledge contribute to a teacher’s effectiveness?International Journal of Humanities and Social Science.Vol. 1 No. 21 [Special Issue - December 2011. Centre for Promoting Ideas, USA. Retrieved from http://www.ijhssnet.com/journals/Vol_1_No_21_Special_Issue_December_2011/8.pdf.

OECD/Asian Development Bank (2015). Education in Indonesia: Rising to the Challenge. OECD Publishing: Paris.

Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Republik Indonesia Nomor 16Tahun ( 2007). Standar Kualifikasi Akademik dan Kompetensi Guru.Jakarta: Menteri Pendidikan Nasional.

Rahman, M. (2015). English for Specific Purposes (ESP): A Holistic Review. Universal Journal of Educational Research. 3(1): 24-31, 2015. Horizon Research Publishing. Retrieved from https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ1053934.

Richard, J. C., & Farrel, T. S. C. (2010). Professional Development for Language Teachers. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Wolfe, R. E. (2015). Educator Competencies for Personalized, Learner-CenteredTeaching. Boston: Jobs for the Future.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21580/vjv9i14436


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Vision: Journal for Language and Foreign Language Learning

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.



 View My Stats

Vision: Journal for Language and Foreign Language Learning
English Language Education, Campus II
Faculty of Education and Teacher Training
Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Walisongo Semarang
Jl. Prof Hamka Ngaliyan Semarang, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia