Coping strategy and substance use disorders: The mediating role of drug hazard knowledge

Wahyuni Ismail*  -  Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teacher Training, Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar, Indonesia
Eka Damayanti    -  Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teacher Training, Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar, Indonesia
Sitti Nurpahmi    -  (Scopus ID 57209572678) Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teacher Training, Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar, Indonesia
Dayang Hjh Tiawa Awg Hj Hamid    -  (Scopus ID 57217589863) Faculty of Islamic Technology, Sultan Sharif Ali Islamic University, Brunei-Muara, Brunei Darussalam

(*) Corresponding Author

Substance Use Disorder (SUD) is a social phenomenon that has plagued communities, including adolescents. Coping strategy and drug hazard knowledge are seen as important factors in curbing drug use amongst young people. This study aims to identify the indirect influence of coping strategy through drug hazard knowledge as a mediator in substance use disorders. The research employed a quantitative approach with a cross-sectional design, with a sample of 381 adolescents, 313 males and 68 females, selected using a simple random sampling technique. The research instruments comprised the Drugs Abuse Screening Test-28, a coping scale, and drug hazard knowledge scale. AMOS 20.0 for Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) was used for the analysis. The results show no significant indirect influence of coping strategy through drug hazard knowledge as a mediator in substance use disorder among adolescents. This indicates that drug hazard knowledge has no significant influence on substance use disorders.

Keywords: coping strategy; drugs hazard knowledge; substance use disorders

  1. Adan, A., Antúnez, J. M., & Navarro, J. F. (2017). Coping strategies related to treatment in substance use disorder patients with and without comorbid depression. Psychiatry Research, 251, 325–332.
  2. Aditya, R., & Mina, R. (2019). Sosialisasi penguatan pemahaman masyarakat terhadap bahaya narkoba dan minuman beralkohol. Monsu’ani Tano: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, 2(2), 90–96.
  3. Admin BDK Makassar. (2020, February 19). Kepala BNN: Indonesia sudah pada level darurat narkoba.
  4. Akcan, G., Öztürk, E., & Erdoğan, B. (2021). Corrigendum to “The investigation of the mediating role of coping strategies on the relationship between childhood traumas, depression and alcohol use disorder in university students” [Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment 123 (2021) 108305]. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 126, 108332.
  5. Alves, R., Precioso, J., & Becoña, E. (2021). llicit drug use among college students: The importance of knowledge about drugs, live at home and peer influence. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 53(4), 329–338.
  6. Anggeria, E., & Sutriana, S. (2020). Penyuluhan bahaya narkoba di SMA Bayangkara. Mitra Keperawatan Dan Kebidanan Prima, 2(1).
  7. Anshari, F., Eka, N. L. P., & Lasri, L. (2016). Hubungan pengetahuan tentang bahaya minuman beralkohol dengan sikap pencegahan alkoholik pada mahasiswa Program Studi Agribisnis Universitas Tribhuwana Tunggadewi (Unitri) Malang. Nursing News: Jurnal Ilmiah Keperawatan, 1(2).
  8. Asman, A., Liza, L., & Sinthania, D. (2021). The relationship of adolescent knowledge level and attitude about drugs with the event of drugs using in Korong Parak Jua Nagari Lurah Ampalu Sub-District VII Koto Sungai Sarik, Padang Pariaman Regency. Journal Scientific of Mandalika (JSM), 2(8), 351–359.
  9. Azmiardi, A. (2020). Pengaruh perilaku merokok, konsumsi alkohol dan hiburan malam terhadap risiko penggunaan narkotika. Faletehan Health Journal, 7(1), 30–36.
  10. Bancin, L. J. (2019). Gambaran umur dan pekerjaan dengan lama pemakian zat pada orang dengan gangguan penyalahgunaan zat. Jurnal Ilmiah Kebidanan Imelda, 5(2), 78–81.
  11. Becker, J. B., McClellan, M. L., & Reed, B. G. (2017). Sex differences, gender and addiction. Journal of Neuroscience Research, 95(1–2), 136–147.
  12. Bline, A. P., Dearfield, K. L., DeMarini, D. M., Marchetti, F., Yauk, C. L., & Escher, J. (2020). Heritable hazards of smoking: Applying the “clean sheet” framework to further science and policy. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis, 61(9), 910–921.
  13. Bolisani, E., & Bratianu, C. (2018). The Elusive Definition of Knowledge. In Knowledge Management and Organizational Learning (Vol. 4, pp. 1–22). Springer.
  14. Butelman, E. R., & Kreek, M. J. (2017). Medications for substance use disorders (SUD): Emerging approaches. Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs, 22(4), 301–315.
  15. Byrne, B. M. (2010). Structural equation modeling with AMOS: Basic concepts, applications, and programming. New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
  16. Chaplin, T. M., Niehaus, C., & Gonçalves, S. F. (2018). Stress reactivity and the developmental psychopathology of adolescent substance use. Neurobiology of Stress, 9, 133–139.
  17. Chuang, C.-W. I., Sussman, S., Stone, M. D., Pang, R. D., Chou, C.-P., Leventhal, A. M., & Kirkpatrick, M. G. (2017). Impulsivity and history of behavioral addictions are associated with drug use in adolescents. Addictive Behaviors, 74, 41–47.
  18. Creswell, J. W. (2013). Research design qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. California: SAGE Publications, Inc.
  19. Dalimunte, N., & Dewi Harahap, R. S. (2019). Pengaruh perilaku merokok terhadap penyalahgunaan NAPZA di UPMI. Jurnal Riset Hesti Medan Akper Kesdam I/BB Medan, 4(1), 1.
  20. Damsere-Derry, J., Palk, G., & King, M. (2017). Motorists’ knowledge, attitudes and practices toward alcohol-impaired driving/riding in Ghana. Traffic Injury Prevention, 18(1), 28–34.
  21. Folkman, S., & Lazarus, R. (1984). Stress appraisal & coping strategy. McGraw-Hill.
  22. Frydenberg, E., & Lewis, R. (1993). Adolescent coping scale. Administrator’s scala. The Australian Council for Educational Research Ltd.
  23. Greenglass, E., Fiksenbaum, L., & Eaton, J. (2006). The relationship between coping, social support, functional disability and depression in the elderly. Anxiety, Stress & Coping, 19(1), 15–31.
  24. Hair, J. F., Babin, B. J., Tatham, R. L., Anderson, R. E., & Black, W. C. (2006). Multivariate data analysis (6th ed.). Pearson Prentice Hall.
  25. Håkansson, A., & Jesionowska, V. (2018). Associations between substance use and type of crime in prisoners with substance use problems – a focus on violence and fatal violence. Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation, 9, 1–9.
  26. Haqi, D. N., & Alayyannur, P. A. (2020). Analysis of worker’s level of knowledge on handling chemicals in oil and gas industry laboratory of PT “X” Indonesia. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 14(2), 1218–1223.
  27. Hardy, S., Tukayo, I. J. H., & Saljan, M. (2021). The influence of youth’ understanding of drugs towards its abuse in the Indonesia-Papua New Guinea border. Journal of Islamic Nursing, 6(1), 1–7.
  28. Hartatik, Febriyanto, F., & Munawaroh, H. (2018). Development of applications about hazards and preventions of drug based on Android. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 333(1), 012104.
  29. Hastuti, E. D., & Megawati, A. (2019). Edukasi resiko penyalahgunaan obat pada remaja usia produktif di Kudus. Jurnal Pengabdian Kesehatan, 2(1).
  30. Humas BNN. (2019, September 11). Penyebab dan dampak penyalahgunaan narkoba di kalangan remaja. Badan Narkotika Nasional Kabupaten Lampung Selatan.
  31. Ismail., W., Kamal, M., Nasrudin, N., & Fauziah, F. (2014). Pengaruh coping strategy terhadap penyalahgunaan dadah dalam kalangan pelajar. Education Transformation Towards a Developed Nation, 3047–3069.
  32. Ismail, W. (2017). Teori Biologi tentang perilaku penyalahgunaan narkoba. Jurnal Biotek, 5(1), 127–143.
  33. Jeste, D. L., Liebermen, J. A., Fassler, T. D., & Peele, S. R. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorder (5th ed.). American Psychiatric Publishing.
  34. Kesselheim, A. S., McGraw, S. A., Dejene, S. Z., Rausch, P., Dal Pan, G. J., Lappin, B. M., Zhou, E. H., Avorn, J., & Campbell, E. G. (2017). Patient and physician perceptions of drug safety information for sleep aids: A qualitative study. Drug Safety, 40(6), 531–542.
  35. Khairunnisa, Z., & Akbar, T. I. S. (2020). Description of knowledge levels about drug abuse in the Medical Students 2019 Universitas Malikussaleh. Averrous: Jurnal Kedokteran Dan Kesehatan Malikussaleh, 6(2), 23–28.
  36. Leni, N. M., Aryani, L. N. A., & Westa, I. W. (2021). Mengenal New Psychoactive Substances (NPS): Sebuah tinjauan pustaka. Intisari Sains Medis, 12(1), 275–284.
  37. Mahmood, N. M. (2001). Perubahan strategi daya tindak dalam pusat pemulihan: Penelitian enam bulan. Jurnal Psikologi Malaysia, 15, 89–118.
  38. Markova, S., & Nikitskaya, E. (2017). Coping strategies of adolescents with deviant behaviour. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 22(1), 36–46.
  39. Modecki, K. L., Duvenage, M., Uink, B., Barber, B. L., & Donovan, C. L. (2021). Adolescents’ online coping: When less is more but none is worse. Clinical Psychological Science, 216770262110289.
  40. Myers, R., Chou, C.-P., Sussman, S., Baezconde-Garbanati, L., Pachon, H., & Valente, T. W. (2009). Acculturation and substance use: Social influence as a mediator among Hispanic alternative high school youth. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 50(2), 164–179.
  41. National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2020, June). Drugs, brains and behavior: The science of addiction (N. D. Volkow (ed.)). National Institutes of Health.
  42. Newton, N. C., Champion, K. E., Slade, T., Chapman, C., Stapinski, L., Koning, I., Tonks, Z., & Teesson, M. (2017). A systematic review of combined student- and parent-based programs to prevent alcohol and other drug use among adolescents. Drug and Alcohol Review, 36(3), 337–351.
  43. Nurfantri, N. (2019). Identifikasi faktor-faktor yang menyebabkan penyalahgunaan zat adiktif pada anak jalanan di Kota Kendari. Preventif Journal, 2(2), 70–74.
  44. Ólafsdóttir, J., Hrafnsdóttir, S., & Orjasniemi, T. (2018). Depression, anxiety, and stress from substance use disorder among family members in Iceland. Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 35(3), 165–178.
  45. Olalekan, R. M. (2019). Public Health Impact of Substance Use on Adolescent: A Snapshot of Yenagoa in Bayelsa State, Nigeria. American Journal of Biomedical Science & Research, 4(3), 183–196.
  46. Poonam, B., Karun, B., Angad, S. H., Hemank, W., Dhruvendra, L., & Shradha, P. (2019). Assessment of personality factors among patients presenting with different substance use disorders. Journal of Evolution of Medical and Dental Sciences, 8(20), 1656–1661.
  47. Prajayanti, H., & Maslikhah, M. (2020). Penyuluhan tentang Bahaya Penggunaan Narkotika, Psikotropika dan Obat-Obat Adiktif di MAS Yapensa Jenggot Kota Pekalongan. Jurnal ABDIMAS-HIP : Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, 1(1), 30–34.
  48. Prisaria, N. (2012). Hubungan pengetahuan dan lingkungan sosial terhadap tindakan pencegahan penyalahgunaan NAPZA pada siswa SMAN 1 Jepara. Universitas Diponegoro.
  49. Pusdatin Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2017a). Sistem informasi narkoba Kementerian Kesehatan.
  50. Pusdatin Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2017b). Anti narkoba sedunia 26 Juni’ 17. InfoDATIN: Pusat Data Dan Informasi Kementerian Kesehatan RI, 1–7.
  51. Puslitdatin BNN. (2019, August). Penggunaan narkotika di kalangan remaja meningkat. Badan Narkotika Nasional Republik Indonesia.
  52. Puslitdatin BNN. (2020). Data statistik penanganan kasus narkoba. Badan Narkotika Nasional Republik Indonesia.
  53. Rahmadika, K. (2018). Penyalahgunaan narkoba pada warga binaan di rutan klas IA Surakarta. Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta.
  54. Sanderson. (2003). Health psychology. John Wiley & Sons, Limited.
  55. Schwinn, T. M., Schinke, S. P., Hopkins, J., & Thom, B. (2016). Risk and protective factors associated with adolescent girls’ substance use: Data from a nationwide Facebook sample. Substance Abuse, 37(4), 564–570.
  56. Semaraputri, S. A. K. T., Hamidah, H., & Budisetyani, I. G. A. P. W. (2020). Cognitive-behavioral coping skill training pada narapidana yang sedang menjalani program rehabilitasi. Jurnal Diversita, 6(2), 183–193.
  57. Shabrina, T., Mardiah, A., & Utami, F. T. (2018). Strategi coping klien muslimah yang menjalani rehabilitasi narkoba. Psikis: Jurnal Psikologi Islami, 4(2), 124–132.
  58. Shekhawat, V. S., S.R., G. S., & Maheshwari, S. K. (2021). Impact of educational intervention on knowledge and attitude related to substance abuse among inmates of de-addiction centers of selected districts, Rajasthan. International Journal of Nursing Science Practice and Research, 7(1), 55–61.
  59. Skinner, H. A. (1982). The drug abuse screening test. Addictive Behaviors, 7(4), 363–371.
  60. Smith, N. S., Vasques, P. J., Emelogu, N. A., Hayes, A. E., Engebretson, J., & Nash, A. J. (2020). The good, the bad, and recovery: Adolescents describe the adventages and disadvantages of alternative peer groups. Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment, 14(117822182090935).
  61. Squeglia, L. M., & Cservenka, A. (2017). Adolescence and drug use vulnerability: Findings from neuroimaging. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 13, 164–170.
  62. Sulaiman, W. S. W., Kamaluddin, M. R., Zakaria, E., Ibrahim, F., Hassan, N., Manap, J., Nen, S., Zamani, Z. A., & Yusooff, F. (2021). Exploring gender differences in the vulnerability towards drug abuse among adolescents in Malaysia. Psikohumaniora: Jurnal Penelitian Psikologi, 6(1), 1–12.
  63. Throop, R. . K., & Castellucci, M. B. (2005). Reaching your potential: personal and professional development. Thomson Delmar Learning.
  64. Tomlinson, M. F., Brown, M., & Hoaken, P. N. S. (2016). Recreational drug use and human aggressive behavior: A comprehensive review since 2003. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 27, 9–29.
  65. UNODC. (2019). World Drug Report 2019: 35 million people worldwide suffer from drug use disorders while only 1 in 7 people receive treatment. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.
  66. Wagner, E. F., & Atkins, J. H. (2000). Smoking among teenage girls. Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, 9(4), 93–110.
  67. Wawan, A., & M., D. (2010). Teori dan pengukuran pengetahuan sikap dan perilaku manusia. Nuha Medika.
  68. Weiten, W. (2011). Psychology: Theme and variations. Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
  69. Whitley, B. E., & Kite, M. E. (2013). Principles of research in behavioral science (H. L. Adams (ed.)). Psychology Press.
  70. Wills, T. A., McNamara, G., Vaccaro, D., & Hirky, A. E. (1996). Escalated substance use: A longitudinal grouping analysis from early to middle adolescence. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 105(2), 166–180.
  71. Winters, K. C., & Arria, A. (2012). Adolescent brain development and drugs. National Institute of Health Public Access, 18(2), 21–24.
  72. Wu, Z. H., Tennen, H., Hosain, G. M. M., Coman, E., Cullum, J., & Berenson, A. B. (2016). Stress mediates the relationship between past drug addiction and current risky sexual behaviour among low-income women. Stress and Health, 32(2), 138–144.
  73. Yang, L. H., Wong, L. Y., Grivel, M. M., & Hasin, D. S. (2017). Stigma and substance use disorders: An international phenomenon. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 30(5), 378–388.
  74. Zagzebski, L. (2017). What is knowledge? In J. Greco & E. Sosa (Eds.), The Blackwell guide to epistemology (pp. 92–116). Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
  75. Zapolski, T. C. B., Clifton, R. L., Banks, D. E., Hershberger, A., & Aalsma, M. (2019). Family and peer influences on substance attitudes and use among juvenile justice-involved youth. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 28(2), 447–456.
  76. Zhang, J., & Slesnick, N. (2018). Substance use and social stability of homeless youth: A comparison of three interventions. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 32(8), 873–884.

Open Access Copyright (c) 2021 Psikohumaniora: Jurnal Penelitian Psikologi
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Fakultas Psikologi dan Kesehatan 
Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang
Jl. Prof. Dr. HAMKA, Kampus III Ngaliyan Semarang 50185 Central Java - Indonesia