(Scopus ID 57212169627) Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Islam Bandung, Bandung - Indonesia
SCOPUS ID: https://www.scopus.com/authid/detail.uri?authorId=57212169627
Children’s and adolescents’ reports on their quality of life during the COVID-19 pandemic
COVID-19 has had a significant impact on human life, yet very limited studies have investigated the quality of life (QoL) of children and adolescents during the pandemic. This paper aims to present the reports of children and adolescents (N = 1,474; 10–18 years old) on their QoL during the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia. Data were collected using Google Forms and convenience sampling. The instruments measured the five domains of QoL: material, physical, social, emotional, and productive well-being. The data were analyzed descriptively using mean scores, crosstab, frequency, and ANOVA. The results show that the children and adolescents maintained their level of subjective well-being (SWB) and adapted to adverse situations during the lockdown. Boys and younger children displayed significantly higher mean scores than girls and older children. Children and adolescents reported boredom due to a lack of various physical activities, dissatisfaction with school closures, the things they learned at home, and their contact with friends. This study has implications in terms of providing advice to parents, teachers, children, and adolescents for promoting the QoL of children and adolescents during the pandemic.
Keywords: adolescents; children; COVID-19; quality of life
- Adıbelli, D., & Sümen, A. (2020). The effect of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on health-related quality of life in children. Children and Youth Services Review, 119, 105595. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.105595
- Akhlas, A. W. (2020, April 15). Millions to lose jobs, fall into poverty as Indonesia braces for recession. The Jakarta Post. https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2020/04/14/millions-to-lose-jobs-fall-into-poverty-as-indonesia-braces-for-recession.html
- Anindyajati, G., Wiguna, T., Murtani, B. J., Christian, H., Wigantara, N. A., Putra, A. A., Hanafi, E., Minayati, K., Ismail, R. I., Kaligis, F., Savitri, A. I., Uiterwaal, C. S. P. M., & Diatri, H. (2021). Anxiety and its associated factors during the initial phase of the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 12, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2021.634585
- Ben-Arieh, A., Casas, F., Frønes, I., & Korbin, J. E. (2014). Multifaceted concept of child well-being. In A. Ben-Arieh, F. Casas, I. Frønes, & J. E. Korbin (Eds.), Handbook of child well-being (pp. 1–27). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-9063-8_134
- Berita Satu. (2020, March 2). Indonesia confirms first coronavirus cases in its territory. Jakarta Globe. https://jakartaglobe.id/news/indonesia-confirms-first-coronavirus-cases-in-its-territory/
- Borualogo, I. S., & Casas, F. (2019). Adaptation and validation of the Children’s Worlds Subjective Well-Being Scale (CW-SWBS) in Indonesia. Jurnal Psikologi, 46(2), 102. https://doi.org/10.22146/jpsi.38995
- Borualogo, I. S., & Casas, F. (2021a). The relationship between frequent bullying and subjective well-being in Indonesian children. Population Review, 60(1), 26–50. https://doi.org/10.1353/prv.2021.0002
- Borualogo, I. S., & Casas, F. (2021b). Subjective well-being of bullied children in Indonesia. Applied Research in Quality of Life, 16(2), 753–773. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11482-019-09778-1
- Borualogo, I. S., Gumilang, E., Mubarak, A., Khasanah, A. N., Wardati, M. A., Diantina, F. P., Permataputri, I., & Casas, F. (2019). Process of translation of the Children’s Worlds Subjective Well-being Scale in Indonesia. Proceedings of the Social and Humaniora Research Symposium (SoRes 2018), 180–183. https://doi.org/10.2991/sores-18.2019.42
- Cao, W., Fang, Z., Hou, G., Han, M., Xu, X., Dong, J., & Zheng, J. (2020). The psychological impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on college students in China. Psychiatry Research, 287, 112934. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.112934
- Casas, F., & González‐Carrasco, M. (2019). Subjective well‐being decreasing with age: New research on children over 8. Child Development, 90(2), 375–394. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13133
- Casas, F., & González, M. (2017). School: One world or two worlds? Children’s perspectives. Children and Youth Services Review, 80, 157–170. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2017.06.054
- Cummins, R. A. (2014). Understanding the well-being of children and adolescents through homeostatic theory. In A. Ben-Arieh, F. Casas, I. Frønes, & J. E. Korbin (Eds.), Handbook of child well-being (pp. 635–661). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-9063-8_152
- Fegert, J. M., Vitiello, B., Plener, P. L., & Clemens, V. (2020). Challenges and burden of the Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic for child and adolescent mental health: a narrative review to highlight clinical and research needs in the acute phase and the long return to normality. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 14(1), 20. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13034-020-00329-3
- Felce, D., & Perry, J. (1997). Quality of life: The scope of the term and its breadth of measurement. In R. I. Brown (Ed.), Quality of life for people with disabilities (2nd ed., pp. 56–71). Stanley Thornes (Publishers) Ltd.
- Fiscal Policy Agency Ministry of Finance Republic of Indonesia, & UNICEF. (2021). Policy brief: The impact of COVID-19 on child poverty and mobility in Indonesia. In UNICEF & Fiscal Policy Agency Ministry of Finance Republic of Indonesia.
- Garbe, A., Ogurlu, U., Logan, N., & Cook, P. (2020). Parents’ experiences with remote education during COVID-19 school closures. American Journal of Qualitative Research, 4(3), 45–65. https://doi.org/10.29333/ajqr/8471
- Geirdal, A. Ø., Ruffolo, M., Leung, J., Thygesen, H., Price, D., Bonsaksen, T., & Schoultz, M. (2021). Mental health, quality of life, wellbeing, loneliness and use of social media in a time of social distancing during the COVID-19 outbreak. A cross-country comparative study. Journal of Mental Health, 30(2), 148–155. https://doi.org/10.1080/09638237.2021.1875413
- Ghosh, R., Dubey, M. J., Chatterjee, S., & Dubey, S. (2020). Impact of COVID-19 on children: Special focus on the psychosocial aspect. Minerva Pediatrica, 72(3), 226–235. https://doi.org/10.23736/S0026-4946.20.05887-9
- González-Carrasco, M., Casas, F., Malo, S., Viñas, F., & Dinisman, T. (2017). Changes with age in subjective well-being through the adolescent years: Differences by gender. Journal of Happiness Studies, 18, 63–88. https://doi.org/10.1007/S10902-016-9717-1
- Jackson, S. B., Stevenson, K. T., Larson, L. R., Peterson, M. N., & Seekamp, E. (2021). Outdoor activity participation improves adolescents’ mental health and well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(5), 2506. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052506
- Lesser, I. A., & Nienhuis, C. P. (2020). The impact of COVID-19 on physical activity behavior and well-being of Canadians. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(11), 3899. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113899
- Mitra, R., Waygood, E. O. D., & Fullan, J. (2021). Subjective well-being of Canadian children and youth during the COVID-19 pandemic: The role of the social and physical environment and healthy movement behaviours. Preventive Medicine Reports, 23, 101404. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2021.101404
- News Desk. (2020, March 27). Indonesia to issue lockdown regulation as COVID-19 cases continue to soar. The Jakarta Post.
- Odriozola-González, P., Planchuelo-Gómez, Á., Irurtia, M. J., & de Luis-García, R. (2020). Psychological effects of the COVID-19 outbreak and lockdown among students and workers of a Spanish university. Psychiatry Research, 290. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PSYCHRES.2020.113108
- Orgilés, M., Morales, A., Delvecchio, E., Mazzeschi, C., & Espada, J. P. (2020). Immediate psychological effects of the COVID-19 quarantine in youth from Italy and Spain. Frontiers in Psychology, 11. https://doi.org/10.3389/FPSYG.2020.579038
- Ravens-Sieberer, U., Kaman, A., Erhart, M., Devine, J., Schlack, R., & Otto, C. (2021). Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on quality of life and mental health in children and adolescents in Germany. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1007/S00787-021-01726-5
- Rees, G., Savahl, S., Lee, B. J., & Casas, F. (Eds.). (2020). Children’s views on their lives and well-being in 35 countries: A report on the children’s worlds study, 2016-19.
- Setiawati, Y., Wahyuhadi, J., Joestandari, F., Maramis, M. M., & Atika, A. (2021). Anxiety and resilience of healthcare workers during COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia. Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare, 14, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.2147/JMDH.S276655
- Sipahutar, T. (2020, March). Indonesia closes schools across archipelago as virus cases spike. Bloomberg.
- Sunjaya, D. K., Herawati, D. M. D., & Siregar, A. Y. M. (2021). Depressive, anxiety, and burnout symptoms on health care personnel at a month after COVID-19 outbreak in Indonesia. BMC Public Health, 21(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1186/S12889-021-10299-6
- UNDP. (2021). World Population Dashboard. United Nations Population Fund.
- Wallander, J. L., Schmitt, M., & Koot, H. M. (2001). Quality of life measurement in children and adolescents: Issues, instruments, and applications. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 57(4), 571–585. https://doi.org/10.1002/JCLP.1029
- Wilson, R. (2007). Nature and young children: Encouraging creative play and learning in natural environments. In Nature and Young Children: Encouraging Creative Play and Learning in Natural Environments. Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203940723
- World Health Organization. (2020a). #HealthyAtHome - Healthy parenting. World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/campaigns/connecting-the-world-to-combat-coronavirus/healthyathome/healthyathome---healthy-parenting
- World Health Organization. (2020b). Listings of WHO’s response to COVID-19. World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/news/item/29-06-2020-covidtimeline
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.