PENGARUH MODEL PEMBELAJARAN PROJECT BASED LEARNING TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR KRITIS SISWA PADA MATERI ELEKTROKIMIA

Fathimatuz Zahroh

Abstract


Project Based Learning is a learning model that need collaboration from group member in each stage, so that students can develop their critical thinking skills. The aim of this study is to determine the effect of PjBL to students’ critical thinking skills on electrochemistry material.  The research design used true experimental design with pretest-posttest control group design and sampling technique is cluster random sampling. The data collection techniques used pretest-posttest to understand 10 critical thinking indicators, observation sheet used to understand students’ project activities and questionnaire to know students’s responses. Data Analysis techniques that used in this study are average difference test, significant test, product moment correlation test, coefficient of determination test. Analysis of product moment correlation value is 0,67 for students’ critical thinking skill with significant test result is 7,10 indicate the significant effect of PjBL to students’ critical thingking skills on electrochemistry material. The effect of PjBL to students’ critical thinking skills pointed by coefficient of determination  44,89%. Based on the results of the study, it was conclude that PjBL had positive effects on students’ critical thinking skills on electrochemistry material.

Keywords


critical thinking skills; electrochemistry; project based learning.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aktamis. H dan Ergin, O. 2008. The Effect of Scientific Process Skills Education on Students’ Scientific Creativity, Science Attitudes and Academic Achievements. Asia Pacific Forum on Science Learning and Teaching, 9(1): 1-15

Choy, S Chee dan Phaik Kin Cheah. 2009. Teacher Percepcions of Critical Thinking Among Students and Its Influence on Higher Education. Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education. 20(2):202.

Ennis, Robert H. 1995. Critical Thinking. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Facione, Peter. 2013. Critical Thinking: What It is and Why It Counts. Milbrae: Measured Reasons and The California Academic Press.

Fitrianingsih, Rahmawati Nurul Umamah, dan Moh. Na’im. 2015. Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Berbasis Proyek untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis dan Hasil Belajar Sejarah Peserta Didik Kelas X SOS di SMA N 4 Jember Tahun Ajaran 2014/2015. Jurnal Edukasi UNEJ. II(1): 32-36.

Haryani, Sri., Sri Wardani dan Agung Tri Prasetya. 2018. Analisis Kemampuan Penyusunan Lembar Kerja Siswa Berbasis Problem Based Learning dan Project Based Learning. Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan Kimia. Vol.12. No.1. Halaman 2086-2096

Haryani, Sri, Masfufah., N Wijayati, dan C Kurniawan. 2017. Improvement of metacognitive skills and students’ reasoning ability through problem-based learning. Proceeding. Semarang: International Conference on Mathematics, Science and Education.

Ilaah, Yuni Faidlul dan Bertha Yonata. 2015. Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis Siswa SMA Kemala Bhayangkari 1 Surabaya Pada Materi Laju Reaksi Melalui Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Inkuiri. UNESA Journal Of Chemical Education. 1(1):78-83.

Isnur, Suranto, et.al. 2018. Efektifitas Model Pembelajaran Project Based Learning Terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Materi Bangun Ruang Kelas VII. Proceeding. Semarang: Seminar Nasional Edusaintek FMIPA UNIMUS.

Kim, K. H., 2011. The Creativity Crisis: The Decrease in Creative Thinking Scores on Torrance Test of Creative Thinking. Creativity Research Journal. Volume 2, Number 4, 285-295.

Llewellyn. 2013. Teaching High Scholl Science

Through Inquiry and Argumentation. USA: Corwin

Mutakinati. 2018. Analysis of Student’s Critical Thinking of Middle School Through STEM Education Project Based Learning. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia. 7(1): 54-65

Nurbaeti, Siti Nuryanti dan Indarini Dwi Pursitasari. 2015. Hubungan Gaya Belajar dengan Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis dan Kemampuan Kognitif Siswa pada Mata Pelajaran Kimia di Kelas X SMKN 1 Bungku Tengah. e-jurnal mitra Sains. 3(2): 22-23.

Obamanu, B.J dan Onouha C.O. 2012. Students Conceptual Difficulties in Electrochemistry in Senior Secondary School. Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Reaserch and Policy Studies (JETERAPS). 3(1): 99-102.

Hasan dan Nahid Ghavani Kazazi. 2014. Critical Thinking and Writing: The Effects of Critical Thinking on Writing Skill among Iranian University Students Majority in TEFL. International Journal of Language Learning and Applied Linguistic World (IJLLALN).5(4):254-266.

Sastrika, I.A.K, I Wayan Sadia dan I Wayan Muderawan. 2013. Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Berbasis Proyek Terhadap Pemahaman Konsep Kimia dan Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis. E-Journal Program Pascasarjana Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha.Vol.3.

Sudarmin. 2015. Model Pembelajaran Inovatif Kreatif [Model Paikem dalam Konteks Pembelajaran dan Penelitian Sains Bermuatan Karakter]. Semarang: Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam.

Sugiarti dan Stephanie Bija. 2012. Pengaruh Model Kontekstual Terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Siswa Kelas XI IA SMA Negeri 3 Watansoppeng. Jurnal Chemica. 13(1): 77-83

Sularmi, et.al., 2018. Pengaruh Project Based Learning terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis. Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, dan Pengembangan. Vol.3. No. 4. 475-479.

Sutinah. 2015. Analisis Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis Siswa melalui Model Pembelajaran Berbasis Proyek pada Materi Larutan Elektrolit dan Larutan Non Elektrolit. Skripsi.. Jakarta : UIN Syarif Hidayatullah

Tambak, S. 2014. Metode Ceramah: Konsep dan Amplikasi dalam Pembelajaran Pendidikan Agama Islam. Jurnal Tarbiyah. 21(2): 375-401.

Ristyani Erika dan Evi Sapinatul Bahriah. 2016. Analisis Kesulitan Belajar Kimia Siswa di SMA N X Kota Tangerang Selatan. 2(1): 18-29

Wicaksono, A.G. Candra. 2014. Hubungan Keterampilan Metakognitif dan Berpikir Kritis terhadap Hasil Belajar Kognitif Siswa SMA pada Pembelajarn Biologi dengan Strategi Reciprocal Teaching. Jurnal Pendidikan Sains.2(2) : 85-92

Wijayanti, D. A. I. et al. 2015. Analisis Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Siswa Kelas V dalam Pembelajaran IPA di 3 SD Gugus X Kecamatan Buleleng. E-Journal PGSD Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha Jurusan PGSD Volume: 3 No: 1.

Yunita, Selly. 2018. Analisis Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Mata Pelajaran Kimia Pada Siswa Kelas XI IPA SMA N 1 Kepahiang. 2(1): 33-38

Zajkov, O. dan Mitrevski, B. 2012. PBL: Dillemas and Questions! Macedonian Physics Teacher.48: 1-11.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21580/phen.2020.10.2.4283

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Phenomenon : Jurnal Pendidikan MIPA

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexed By :
Journal Terindex di DOAJJournal Terindex di Google ScholarJournal Terindex di AcademiaJournal Terindex di Portal GarudaJournal Terindex di MorarefJournal Terindex di SintaJournal Terindex di Crossref Journal Terindex di BaseJournal Terindex di onesearch


Phenomenon: Jurnal Pendidikan MIPA

Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi, Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo
Jl. Prof. Hamka km 2, Ngaliyan, Semarang - Indonesia
Phone: +62 24 7615387
Email: phenomenon@walisongo.ac.id