Students’ Strategies in Learning Speaking: Experience of Two Indonesian Schools

Syafryadin Syafryadin

Abstract


The present study was an effort to investigate strategies mostly used in learning speaking, which covered direct strategies and indirect strategies. To this end, 60 students from two different high schools in a city in Indonesia, in which 30 students for each school participated this study. In collecting the data, this study used close-ended questionnaires with Strategy Inventory Language Learner (SILL) consisting of 39 items, which were analyzed by using a scoring system. The results of the study showed that students of both schools generally used the same and different learning strategies. The same learning strategies used by the students of both schools were organizing and evaluating learning, referring to metacognitive or indirect strategies. Meanwhile, the different learning strategies used by the students of both schools occurred on five strategies at a medium level. From the six types of learning strategies, as indicated in this study, the most popular learning strategies which were used by students of both schools were organizing and evaluating learning.


Keywords


direct strategies; indirect strategies; strategy inventory language learner; students’ comparison; learning speaking;

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alfian, A. (2016). The Application of Language Learning Strategies of High School Students In Indonesia. IJEE (Indonesian Journal of English Education), 3(2), 140–157. https://doi.org/10.15408/ijee.v3i2.5509

Amir, M. (2018). Language Learning Strategies Used by Junior High School EFL Learners. Language and Language Teaching Journal, 21(1), 94–103. https://doi.org/10.24071/llt.2018.210110

Bruen, J. (2001). Strategies for Success: Profiling the Effective Learner of German. Foreign Language Annals, 34(3), 216–225. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1944-9720.2001.tb02403.x

Ellis, N. C. (2006). Cognitive Perspectives on SLA. AILA Review, 19(1), 100–121. https://doi.org/10.1075/aila.19.08ell

Isaac, S., & Michael, W. B. (1982). Handbook in research and evaluation : a collection of principles, methods, and strategies usefull in planning, design and evaluation of studies in education and the behavioral science. San Diego: Edits Publisher.

Johnson, M. (2003). A philosophy of second language acquisition. https://doi.org/10.2307/3657444

Long, M. H. (1996). The role of the linguistic environment in second language acquisition. In W. C. Ritchie & T. K. Bhatia (Eds.), Handbook of second language acquisition (pp. 413–468). New York: Academic Press.

Mistar, J., & Umamah, A. (2014). Strategies of Learning Speaking Skill by Indonesian Learners of English and Their Contribution to Speaking Proficiency. TEFLIN Journal, 25(2), 203–216. https://doi.org/10.15639/teflinjournal.v25i2/203-216

Mistar, J., Zuhairi, A., & Umamah, A. (2014). Strategies of Learning Speaking Skill by Senior High School EFL Learners in Indonesia - Asian EFL Journal : Asian EFL Journal. The Asian EFL Journal, (80), 65–74.

Muslatif, Y. (2006). Learning Strategies of Successful Foreign Language Learner of English Study Program FKIP Haluoleo University. Universitas Haluoleo.

Nunan, D. (1991). Language Teaching Methodology A Textbook for Teacher. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

O’Malley, J. M., & Chamot, A. U. (1990). Learning strategies in second language acquisition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Oxford, R. (1990). Language Learning Strategies: What Every Teacher Should Know. Boston: Heinle & Heinle Publisher.

Oxford, R. L. (1989). Use of language learning strategies: A synthesis of studies with implications for strategy training. System, 17(2), 235–247. https://doi.org/10.1016/0346-251X(89)90036-5

Richards, J. C. (2008). Teaching Listening and Speaking From Theory to Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Shi, H. (2017). Learning Strategies and Classification in Education. Institute for Learning Styles Journal •, 1(1), 24–36.

Wael, A., Asnur, M. N. A., & Ibrahim, I. (2018). Exploring Students’ Learning Strategies in Speaking Performance. International Journal of Language Education, 2(1), 65–71. https://doi.org/10.26858/ijole.v2i1.5238

Yulianti, D. B. (2018). Learning strategies applied by the students in writing English text. Journal on English as a Foreign Language, 8(1), 19–38. https://doi.org/10.23971/jefl.v8i1.583




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21580/vjv9i14791

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Vision: Journal for Language and Foreign Language Learning

Vision: Journal of Language and Foreign Language Learning is indexed by

         

Copyright (c) 2019 Vision: Journal of Language and Foreign Language Learning

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.