The role of grit and parent-child communication in career adaptability

Doddy Hendro Wibowo*  -  Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana (UKSW), Salatiga, Indonesia
Krismi Diah Ambarwati  -  Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana (UKSW), Salatiga, Indonesia
Pietro Crescenzo    -  (Scopus ID 57189843677) Migranti senza Frontiere Association, Salerno, Italy

(*) Corresponding Author
The transition period from school to the world of work is a critical time that affects determining one's career. This study aims to examine the role of grit and parent-child communication in students’ career adaptability. Using a purposive sampling technique, the study involved 218 High School (SMA) students and 124 Vocational High School (SMK) students in Salatiga, Indonesia. The measurement instruments used in the research were the career adaptability scale, grit scale, and parent-child communication scale. The results show that the R-value was 0.595 and the adjusted R squared (R2) value was 0.354. The significance value generated from the regression test was 0.000 (p<0.05). Based on the calculation results, it can be concluded that grit and communication between parents and children together play a significant role in career adaptability. The research implication is that students’ grit and effective parent-child communication should be developed to improve career adaptability.

Keywords : grit; parent-child communication; career adaptability

  1. Amarnani, R. K., Garcia, P. R. J. M., Restubog, S. L. D., Bordia, P., & Bordia, S. (2018). Do you think I’m worth it? The self-verifying role of parental engagement in career adaptability and career persistence among STEM students. Journal of Career Assessment, 26(1), 77–94.
  2. Atmaja, T. T. (2014). Upaya meningkatkan perencanaan karir siswa melalui bimbingan karir dengan penggunaan media modul. Psikopedagogia: Jurnal Bimbingan dan Konseling, 3(2), 58–68.
  3. Clark, R. S., & Clark, V. L. P. (2019). Grit within the context of career success: A mixed methods study. International Journal of Applied Positive Psychology, 4, 91–111.
  4. Credé, M., Tynan, M. C., & Harms, P. D. (2017). Much ado about grit: A meta-analytic synthesis of the grit literature. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 113(3), 492–511.
  5. Dietrich, J., & Salmela-Aro, K. (2013). Parental involvement and adolescents’ career goal pursuit during the post-school transition. Journal of Adolescence, 36(1), 121–128.
  6. Dixson, M., Bermes, E., & Fair, S. (2014). An instrument to investigate expectations about and experiences of the parent-child relationship: The parent-child relationship schema scale. Social Sciences, 3(1), 84–114.
  7. Duckworth, Angela L., Peterson, C., Matthews, M. D., & Kelly, D. R. (2007). Grit: Perseverance and passion for long-term goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92(6), 1087–1101.
  8. Duckworth, Angela Lee, & Quinn, P. D. (2009). Development and validation of the short grit scale (Grit–S). Journal of Personality Assessment, 91(2), 166–174.
  9. Ferry, T. R., Fouad, N. A., & Smith, P. L. (2000). The role of family context in a social cognitive model for career-related choice behavior: A math and science perspective. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 57(3), 348–364.
  10. Ginevra, M. C., Nota, L., & Ferrari, L. (2015). Parental support in adolescents’ career development: Parents’ and children’s perceptions. The Career Development Quarterly, 63(1), 2–15.
  11. Guan, Y., Wang, Z., Gong, Q., Cai, Z., Xu, S. L., Xiang, Q., Wang, Y., Chen, S. X., Hu, H., & Tian, L. (2018). Parents’ career values, adaptability, career-specific parenting behaviors, and undergraduates’ career adaptability. The Counseling Psychologist, 46(7), 922–946.
  12. Hartung, P. J., Porfeli, E. J., & Vondracek, F. W. (2008). Career adaptability in childhood. The Career Development Quarterly, 57(1), 63–74.
  13. Isadora, S., Pratiwi, S., & Tjondronegoro, P. (2012). Perbedaan motif afiliasi pada remaja pengguna Facebook ditinjau dari jenis kelamin. Intuisi: Jurnal Psikologi Ilmiah, 4(3), 147–151.
  14. Jiang, W., Xiao, Z., Liu, Y., Guo, K., Jiang, J., & Du, X. (2019). Reciprocal relations between grit and academic achievement: A longitudinal study. Learning and Individual Differences, 71(19), 13–22.
  15. Jung, E., & Ahn, D. (2018). Relationship among parental psychological control, autonomy support, and career adaptability of university students: The mediating role of career decision-making autonomy. The IIER International Conference, 21–23.
  16. Koen, J., Klehe, U., & Van Vianen, A. E. M. (2012). Training career adaptability to facilitate a successful school-to-work transition. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 81(3), 395–408.
  17. Kumar, S. (2016). Parental influence on career choice traditionalism among college students in selected cities in Ethiopia. International Journal of Psychology and Educational Studies, 3(3), 23–30.
  18. Lee, I. H. (2018). The link between socioeconomic status and career adaptability among Korean adolescents: The mediating role of parental career-related support. Career and Technical Education Research, 43(1), 57–75.
  19. Lee, S., & Sohn, Y. W. (2017). Effects of grit on academic achievement and career-related attitudes of college students in Korea. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 45(10), 1629–1642.
  20. Lucas, G. M., Gratch, J., Cheng, L., & Marsella, S. (2015). When the going gets tough: Grit predicts costly perseverance. Journal of Research in Personality, 59, 15–22.
  21. Maggiori, C., Rossier, J., & Savickas, M. L. (2017). Career adapt-abilities scale–short form (CAAS-SF). Journal of Career Assessment, 25(2), 312–325.
  22. Mardiyati, B. D., & Yuniawati, R. (2015). Perbedaaan adaptabilitas karir ditinjau dari jenis sekolah (SMA dan SMK). Empathy: Jurnal Fakultas Psikologi, 3(1), 31–41.
  23. Öztemel, K., & Yıldız-Akyol, E. (2019). The predictive role of happiness, social support, and future time orientation in career adaptability. Journal of Career Development, April, 1–14.
  24. Paloş, R., & Drobot, L. (2010). The impact of family influence on the career choice of adolescents. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2(2), 3407–3411.
  25. Polirstok, S. (2017). Strategies to improve academic achievement in secondary school students: Perspectives on grit and mindset. SAGE Open, 7(4), 1–9.
  26. Sahin, I., & Kirdok, O. (2018). Investigation of relationship between high school students’ career adaptability, subjective well-being and perceived social support. International Education Studies, 11(8), 127–135.
  27. Savickas, M. L. (1997). Career adaptability: An integrative construct for life-span, life-space theory. The Career Development Quarterly, 45(3), 247–259.
  28. Savickas, M. L., Nota, L., Rossier, J., Dauwalder, J., Duarte, M. E., Guichard, J., Soresi, S., Van Esbroeck, R., & van Vianen, A. E. M. (2009). Life designing: A paradigm for career construction in the 21st century. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 75(3), 239–250.
  29. Savickas, M. L., & Porfeli, E. J. (2012). Career adapt-abilities scale: Construction, reliability, and measurement equivalence across 13 countries. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 80(3), 661–673.
  30. Tang, X., Wang, M., Guo, J., & Salmela-Aro, K. (2019). Building grit: The longitudinal pathways between mindset, commitment, grit, and academic outcomes. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 48(5), 850–863.
  31. Tian, Y., & Fan, X. (2014). Adversity quotients, environmental variables and career adaptability in student nurses. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 85(3), 251–257.
  32. Yousefi, Z., Abedi, M., Baghban, I., Eatemadi, O., & Abedi, A. (2011). Personal and situational variables, and career concerns: Predicting career adaptability in young adults. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 14(1), 263–271.
  33. Zahed Zahedani, Z., Rezaee, R., Yazdani, Z., Bagheri, S., & Nabeiei, P. (2016). The influence of parenting style on academic achievement and career path. Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism, 4(3), 130–134

Open Access Copyright (c) 2020 Psikohumaniora: Jurnal Penelitian Psikologi
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Psikohumaniora: Jurnal Penelitian Psikologi
Program Studi Psikologi
Fakultas Psikologi dan Kesehatan (FPK)
Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang
Jl Prof. Dr. Hamka Kampus III Ngaliyan Semarang 50185

ISSN: 2502-9363 (Print)
ISSN: 2527-7456 (Online)